contributed little to the operational intelligence available.
It was viewed to be the main RAF fighter of WWI and served in several roles, including interceptor, photoreconnaissance
, fighter-bomber and trainer.
Consequently, during its infancy, the agency helped demonstrate many key space-based capabilities: SCORE, the world's first communications satellite; Corona, the first photoreconnaissance
satellite; TIROS, the world's first meteorological satellite; Transit, the first navigation satellite; and Vela Hotel, the first nuclear-detection satellite.
The Cold War between the former Soviet Union and the US resulted in acceleration of militarization of space, as during this period space activity grew from communication, electronic intelligence, photoreconnaissance
, metrology, and navigation to weapon guidance.
The earliest examples of aerial photoreconnaissance
were drawings made of enemy positions by observers lifted above the battlefield in hot air balloons.
The joint Central Intelligence Agency/Air Force classified project known as Corona was a photoreconnaissance
program that produced the world's first maps of earth from space.
Together these systems provided new photoreconnaissance
capabilities to penetrate denied areas of the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe and the Asia-Pacific.
The employment of transport aircraft during the Berlin airlift; the presence of--but, thankfully, the nonemployment of--nuclear-armed bombers and missiles during the Cold War to deter the Soviet Union; the combination of effective photoreconnaissance
and policy making during the Cuban missile crisis; the arrival of a C-141 at Ben-Gurion Airport every 45 minutes during the Yom Kippur (October) War in order to level the playing field and force a truce; the delivery of humanitarian aid all over the world to people who often understand and appreciate America's efforts in this regard; and the proper use of airpower during the Persian Gulf War to starve the Iraqi army of supplies and make its defeat easier for the ground forces are all cases in point.
The Sqn was assigned with the precious and vital task of photoreconnaissance
deep inside enemy territory along with Air Defence of Pakistan.
The original Hexagon photoreconnaissance
satellite, designed to fly 30 days, was by the end of the program (Block IV) incentivized to fly for a year.
Douglas then briefly discusses the major models (B through G) and assorted unique variants (e.g., transport, photoreconnaissance
, and special mission).
It reported that Cosmos 2495 was a photoreconnaissance
satellite that was built to take high-resolution images of ground targets.