photorespiration


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pho·to·res·pi·ra·tion

 (fō′tō-rĕs′pə-rā′shən)
n.
Oxidation of carbohydrates in plants with the release of carbon dioxide during photosynthesis.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

photorespiration

(ˌfəʊtəʊˌrɛspəˈreɪʃən)
n
(Botany) (in plants) a reaction that occurs during photosynthesis in which oxygen is assimilated and used to oxidize carbohydrates, with the release of carbon dioxide: differs from normal respiration in that there is no production of energy in the form of ATP
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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The algal production increases proportionally with the temperature until it achieves the optimum temperature for each species; above this, the breathing and the photorespiration increases reducing the microalgae rate of growth until it is null.
Metabolite profiling indicated that the enhanced accumulation of those amino acids associated with nitrogen balance, photorespiration or which are important biosynthetic precursors may represent important shift in metabolism resulting in nitrogen stress tolerance.
This competing process is known as photorespiration.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Most crops on the planet are plagued by a photosynthetic glitch, and to deal with it, evolved an energy-expensive process called photorespiration that drastically suppresses their yield potential.
The binding of iron to polysaccharide sheaths promotes the fixation of carbon dioxide and limits photorespiration, and the iron hydroxides below the cyanobacteria layer protect them from an excess of sulfur and keep oxygen from reaching the anaerobic community of microorganisms (Schieber et al., 2007).
coli glycolate catabolic pathway (consisting glycolate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.99.14) subunits E, F, and G) expressed in potato [19] has been shown to increase biomass, rate of photosynthesis, and sugars (glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and transitory starch, suggesting reduced photorespiration [20-22].
The effect of ocean acidification on symbiont photorespiration and productivity in Acropora formosa.
However, potatoes planting in medium plain deal with the problem of high temperature because the potatoes are very sensitive to high temperature stress [6,9], causing the high photorespiration (high C[O.sub.2] release) which leads to the rate of photosynthesis is low [10], inhibiting the growth of bulbs (11, 12,13].
Glufosinate (Gfo) is a low-residue and effective herbicide in agriculture cultivation, known to inhibit glutamine synthetase activity (GSA) and lead to ammonium accumulation as well as the inhibition of photorespiration and photosynthesis in plants [25-31].