phratry

(redirected from phratries)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to phratries: moieties, Lineages

phra·try

 (frā′trē)
n. pl. phra·tries
1. A kinship group constituting an intermediate division in the primitive structure of the Hellenic tribe or phyle, consisting of several patrilinear clans, and surviving in classical times as a territorial subdivision in the political and military organization of the Athenian state.
2. Anthropology An exogamous subdivision of the tribe, constituting two or more related clans.

[Greek phrātriā, from phrātēr, phrātr-, fellow member of a clan; see bhrāter- in Indo-European roots.]

phra′tric adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

phratry

(ˈfreɪtrɪ)
n, pl -tries
(Anthropology & Ethnology) anthropol a group of people within a tribe who have a common ancestor
[C19: from Greek phratria clan, from phratēr fellow clansman; compare Latin frāter brother]
ˈphratric adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

phra•try

(ˈfreɪ tri)

n., pl. -tries.
1. a grouping of clans or other social units within a tribe.
2. (in ancient Greece) a social group, based on real or fictional kinship, with corporate laws and a set of tutelary deities.
[1745–55; < Greek phrātría=phrātr-, s. of phrātḗr clansman (akin to brother) + -ia -y3]
phra′tric, phra′tral, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

phratry

1. a subdivision of an ancient Greek tribe or phyle.
2. a clan or other unit of a primitive tribe.
See also: Anthropology, Greece and Greeks, Society
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phratry - people descended from a common ancestorphratry - people descended from a common ancestor; "his family has lived in Massachusetts since the Mayflower"
people - members of a family line; "his people have been farmers for generations"; "are your people still alive?"
homefolk - the people of your home locality (especially your own family); "he wrote his homefolk every day"
house - aristocratic family line; "the House of York"
dynasty - a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
gens, name - family based on male descent; "he had no sons and there was no one to carry on his name"
blood line, bloodline, ancestry, lineage, pedigree, stemma, line of descent, parentage, blood, origin, descent, stock, line - the descendants of one individual; "his entire lineage has been warriors"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Regions, languages, tribes, moieties, phratries, clans, lineages, and so forth were invoked in attempts to order the extraordinary diversity of human populations in New Guinea (e.g., Hays 1993; McElhanon 1971; Weiner 1988).
Australian tribes consist of two phratries each consisting of several clans.
Examining the literature it is possible to identify a group of studies that suggest a common presence of the care behavior among phratries. Many of them show aspects of the prosocial behavior manifestation among siblings in different social and cultural contexts, emphasizing the particularities of this living together in the infantile daily life (Conger, Stocker, & McGuire, 2009) and its importance in the developmental pathway (Brody, 1998; Carreno & Avilla, 2002).
As soon as the families, the phratries, and the tribes had agreed to unite and have the same worship, they immediately founded the city as a sanctuary for this common worship, and thus the foundation of a city was always a religious act.
The role of the phratriai in the Apaturia and Thargelia festivals and in the cults of Zeus Phratrios and Athena Phratria, as well as details of the cultic activity of phratries and their subgroups, give some credence to the Aristotelian claim (Ath.
"extended families") that may in turn be assembled in phratries (cf.
At this festival Athenian youth were officially admitted into the phratries, or Brotherhoods, an essential step on the way to Athenian citizenship.(32) The name Apaturia suggested to the ancient Athenians apate--deception, trickery, cheating, guile--and in keeping with that word, the Apaturia celebrated a legendary Athenian act of deception that gave them the victory in a war with Boeotia.
He also argues that the `impure of descent' of [Aristotle], Constitution of the Athenians, 13.5, were the children of foreign mothers and citizen fathers, and that the law on phratries recorded by Philokhoros (Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker, 328F35) belongs before 451 B.C.