phratry


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phra·try

 (frā′trē)
n. pl. phra·tries
1. A kinship group constituting an intermediate division in the primitive structure of the Hellenic tribe or phyle, consisting of several patrilinear clans, and surviving in classical times as a territorial subdivision in the political and military organization of the Athenian state.
2. Anthropology An exogamous subdivision of the tribe, constituting two or more related clans.

[Greek phrātriā, from phrātēr, phrātr-, fellow member of a clan; see bhrāter- in Indo-European roots.]

phra′tric adj.

phratry

(ˈfreɪtrɪ)
n, pl -tries
(Anthropology & Ethnology) anthropol a group of people within a tribe who have a common ancestor
[C19: from Greek phratria clan, from phratēr fellow clansman; compare Latin frāter brother]
ˈphratric adj

phra•try

(ˈfreɪ tri)

n., pl. -tries.
1. a grouping of clans or other social units within a tribe.
2. (in ancient Greece) a social group, based on real or fictional kinship, with corporate laws and a set of tutelary deities.
[1745–55; < Greek phrātría=phrātr-, s. of phrātḗr clansman (akin to brother) + -ia -y3]
phra′tric, phra′tral, adj.

phratry

1. a subdivision of an ancient Greek tribe or phyle.
2. a clan or other unit of a primitive tribe.
See also: Anthropology, Greece and Greeks, Society
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phratry - people descended from a common ancestorphratry - people descended from a common ancestor; "his family has lived in Massachusetts since the Mayflower"
people - members of a family line; "his people have been farmers for generations"; "are your people still alive?"
homefolk - the people of your home locality (especially your own family); "he wrote his homefolk every day"
house - aristocratic family line; "the House of York"
dynasty - a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
gens, name - family based on male descent; "he had no sons and there was no one to carry on his name"
blood line, bloodline, ancestry, lineage, pedigree, stemma, line of descent, parentage, blood, origin, descent, stock, line - the descendants of one individual; "his entire lineage has been warriors"
References in periodicals archive ?
A stranger, unacquainted with their laws of descent, would probably conclude that Kubbi and Kumbo constituted one phratry, and that Murri and Ippai formed the other.
The psycho-developmental paradigm established since the 1970s, especially as a result of the works of Bronfenbrenner (1979) on the ecology of development, and the contributions of Harturp (1984) on the relevance of phratry, have allowed us (Ortega & Mora-Merchan, 1996) to consider the extent to which the peer system is a very positive context for learning and social competence, but also to observe the extent to which it is a risk scenario.
There are evidences that the interactional dynamics experienced by the phratry also favors the construction of more horizontal relationship based on the mutual help, the capacity of learning and doing things together, for the opportunity to communicate and to make themselves understood by their peers.
He therefore advertises his intention to protect her from her abusive lover and promises that he will introduce her children into his phratry, thus offering them Athenian citizenship.
It is not entirely clear at what point in early childhood the child was presented to the phratry during the festival of the Apatouria, though it probably occurred during the first three years of life, and most likely in the third year.
WUNWU (= Kik, the House clan of the Ala [Horn] phratry of the Hopi--Hodge), LEL.
These are the languages of "home", extended family (group, phratry, tribe), in fact, all the familial languages which were to constitute the autochthonous languages as "languages of territory".
25) Actually the tendency to play near villages rose from the game's use as a device to build village, phratry, or tribal unity in the same way schools use basketball teams to construct school spirit.
Totemic groups often include individuals with no consanguineal bond, in our sense of the term; yet custom still forbids marriage between members of the same clan, phratry, moiety, etc.
For this is what living in marriage means: when a man sires children and introduces the sons to phratry and deme and gives the daughters to their husbands as his own.
but, rather, 'a (linguistically diverse) phratry in the anthropological sense of the term: a cluster of clans claiming unilineal descent from a common mythical ancestor' (ibid.
Lambert, generally a proponent of the "natural" formation of demes, agrees, but with a chronological qualification, noting that the community responsibility for burial was carried out by the deme rather than the phratry because by the time this law was passed (he dated it to the late 5th or early 4th century), (49) "the demarch, unlike the phratriarch, was responsible for a tract of territory as well as a group of persons.