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A plant, often with deep roots, that is mostly or entirely dependent on water from a permanent ground supply.

[Greek phrear, phreat-, well, spring; see phreatic + -phyte.]

phre·at′o·phyt′ic (-fĭt′ĭk) adj.


(Botany) botany a plant having very long roots that reach down to the water table or the layer above it
[C20: from Greek phrear a well + -phyte]
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References in periodicals archive ?
Vervoort RW, van der Zee SE (2009) Stochastic soil water dynamics of phreatophyte vegetation with dimorphic root systems.
Groeneveld, "Effects of long-term water table drawdown on evapotranspiration and vegetation in an arid region phreatophyte community," Journal of Hydrology, vol.
The lack of statistically significant differences in leaf carbon isotope ratios, average leaf mass per leaf area, flower counts per unit of canopy volume, mature seed counts, and tree population densities could be interpreted in two ways: either this desert phreatophyte is consistently able to obtain sufficient water from deep below the soil surface; or water availability might be temporarily similar upstream and downstream from berms during periods when most photosynthesis, leaf, and flower production occurs.
primarily made of ponderosa pines, did not have a big phreatophyte
Rural communities use woodland with phreatophyte vegetation and groundwater resources for their primary economic activity, livestock production.
Williams, "Hydraulic redistribution by a dominant, warmdesert phreatophyte: seasonal patterns and response to precipitation pulses," Functional Ecology, vol.
Seed germination and seedling establishment of phreatophyte species.
In relation to the latter desert area, both share halophyte and phreatophyte plants, functional types, saline soils dominance, and concentrated-dispersal model of vegetation, among others characteristics.
The development and perpetuation of the permanent tamarisk type in the phreatophyte zone of the Southwest.
However, alfalfa, a deep-rooted plant, under some conditions may be considered a phreatophyte.
Furthermore, she uses too much terminology for a popular book: Archaea, aufeis, hyporheic, phreatophyte, strangmoor, ombrotrophic, anisotrophic, etc.
Prosopis, for example, is unlikely to act as a true phreatophyte at the dunes site, since the water table is so deep (Hennessy et al.