phrenology

(redirected from phrenologists)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to phrenologists: propensity

phre·nol·o·gy

 (frĭ-nŏl′ə-jē)
n.
The study of the shape and protuberances of the skull, based on the now discredited belief that they reveal character and mental capacity.

phren′o·log′ic (frĕn′ə-lŏj′ĭk, frē′nə-), phren′o·log′i·cal (-ĭ-kəl) adj.
phre·nol′o·gist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

phrenology

(frɪˈnɒlədʒɪ)
n
(Medicine) (formerly) the branch of science concerned with localization of function in the human brain, esp determination of the strength of the faculties by the shape and size of the skull overlying the parts of the brain thought to be responsible for them
phrenological, phrenologic adj
phreˈnologist n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

phre•nol•o•gy

(frɪˈnɒl ə dʒi, frɛ-)

n.
a system of character analysis based upon the belief that certain faculties and personality traits are indicated by the configurations of the skull.
[1815; < Greek phren-, s. of phrḗn mind + -o- + -logy]
phren•o•log•ic (ˌfrɛn lˈɒdʒ ɪk) phren`o•log′i•cal, adj.
phren`o•log′i•cal•ly, adv.
phre•nol′o•gist, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

phre·nol·o·gy

(frĭ-nŏl′ə-jē)
The study of the shape of the skull as a means of determining character and intelligence. Phrenology has been disproven as a science.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

phrenology

a system by which an analysis of character and of the development of faculties is attempted by studying the shape and protuberances of the skull. — phrenologist, n.phrenologic, phrenological, adj.
See also: Head
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

phrenology

1. The study of the shape of the human skull, especially with a view to determining character.
2. This pseudo-science developed in the 19th century and holds that certain characteristics—such as wit, normality, aggression or benevolence—are related to particular parts of the brain and can be recognized by bumps on the contour of the head.
3. Assessing character from the presence of bumps on the head, developed by F. J. Gall in the nineteenth century.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phrenology - a now abandoned study of the shape of skull as indicative of the strengths of different facultiesphrenology - a now abandoned study of the shape of skull as indicative of the strengths of different faculties
craniology - the scientific study of the skulls of various human races
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

phrenology

[frɪˈnɒlədʒɪ] Nfrenología f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

phrenology

nPhrenologie f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

phrenology

[frɪˈnɒlədʒɪ] nfrenologia
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in classic literature ?
During the time the Stangersons lived in America they were very intimate with Arthur Rance, who was one of the most distinguished phrenologists of the new world.
I hear the chuckle of the phrenologists. Theoretic kidnappers and slave-drivers, they esteem each man the victim of another, who winds him round his finger by knowing the law of his being; and by such cheap signboards as the color of his beard or the slope of his occiput, reads the inventory of his fortunes and character.
The constructive or combining power, by which ingenuity is usually manifested, and to which the phrenologists (I believe erroneously) have assigned a separate organ, supposing it a primitive faculty, has been so frequently seen in those whose intellect bordered otherwise upon idiocy, as to have attracted general observation among writers on morals.
To scan the lines of his face, or feel the bumps on the head of this Leviathan; this is a thing which no Physiognomist or Phrenologist has as yet undertaken.
A phrenologist and a mesmerizer came -- and went again and left the village duller and drearier than ever.
How wearisome the grammarian, the phrenologist, the political or religious fanatic, or indeed any possessed mortal whose balance is lost by the exaggeration of a single topic.
A perfect, all-rounded man is so rare that Socrates, one of the noblest pearls of humanity, declared (as a phrenologist of that day) that he was born to be a scamp, and a very bad one.
(Calvo is not among them, since he is a business ethicist.) Orthodox Ptolemaic astronomers and Aristotelian physicists must have faced a similar problem in the 17th century, or mainstream phrenologists in the 19th.
Another bill, HB2532, would prevent cities from requiring licenses or fees for soothsayers, palm readers, phrenologists, buskers, junk dealers and several other businesses.
In addition to the regulars, the most established phrenologists of
(81) Many of the Patriot leaders were physicians, and many were also leading phrenologists. (82) Demonstrations of phrenological head reading and hypnotic trance ("animal magnetism") through lyceum lectures and debates provided visceral and highly public proofs of materialist forms of explanation of human nature.
As with nineteenth-century phrenologists who read the body, or the head, for what its appearance might reveal, public discussions about body hair tend to cluster around whether hairiness is unfeminine.