phylloxera


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Related to phylloxera: Pierce's disease

phyl·lox·e·ra

 (fĭl′ŏk-sîr′ə, fĭ-lŏk′sər-ə)
n. pl. phyl·lox·e·rae (-rē)
A small aphidlike insect (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae) that feeds on the roots of grapevines and sometimes forms galls on the leaves, causing severe damage to grape crops. Also called grape phylloxera.

[New Latin Phylloxēra, former genus name of the insect : Greek phullo-, phyllo- + Greek xēros, dry.]

phyl′lox·e′ran adj. & n.

phylloxera

(ˌfɪlɒkˈsɪərə; fɪˈlɒksərə)
n, pl -rae (-riː) or -ras
(Animals) any homopterous insect of the genus Phylloxera, such as P. vitifolia (or Viteus vitifolii) (vine phylloxera), typically feeding on plant juices, esp of vines: family Phylloxeridae
[C19: from New Latin phyllo- + Greek xēros dry]

phyl•lox•e•ra

(ˌfɪl əkˈsɪər ə, fɪˈlɒk sər ə)

n., pl. phyl•lox•e•rae (ˌfɪl əkˈsɪər i, fɪˈlɒk səˌri) phyl•lox•e•ras.
any of several plant lice of the genus Daktulosphaira, esp. D. vitifoliae, which attacks the leaves and roots of grapevines.
[1865–70; < New Latin (1834), an earlier genus name < Greek phyllo- phyllo- + xērá, feminine of xērós dry; so named in reference to the dessication of leaves caused by some species]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phylloxera - type genus of the Phylloxeridae: plant licePhylloxera - type genus of the Phylloxeridae: plant lice
arthropod genus - a genus of arthropods
grape louse, grape phylloxera, Phylloxera vitifoleae - destructive to various grape plants
Translations

phylloxera

[ˌfɪlɒkˈsɪərə] Nfiloxera f
References in periodicals archive ?
We were able to dig into some of the history surrounding the phylloxera crisis in France around the turn of the 20th century.
A terroir with historic vineyards, free from phylloxera, with unique native varieties, and with Commandaria as the flagship of Cypriot wine production," he said.
In the 1990s, many California vineyards were replanted due to use of a rootstock, AxR1, with insufficient resistance to phylloxera biotypes from the East, a fact long known to Europeans.
While it almost completely disappeared from Bordeaux, it prospered in Chile where vines escaped the great Phylloxera crisis of the 19th century in France.
Eastern American vines are host to a minute insect, phylloxera, which feeds on the roots of grapevines.
The country has been cultivating malbec since the 1860s, and it's one of the few places where ancient malbec vines still exist - Argentina escaped the wrath of phylloxera, a root disease that destroyed many European vineyards.
Dentre as especies-praga que merecem destaque tem-se o pulgao Monellia caryella, as especies de filoxeras Phylloxera devastatrix e Phylloxera notabilis, que ocorrem tanto no Rio Grande do Sul, quanto nos Estados Unidos, causando danos as folhas das plantas.
Chris Gerling, an enology extension associate at Cornell University, confirmed that growing grapevines in space could be beneficial because there would be no exposure to bugs such as (https://www.thespruce.com/phylloxera-and-wine-3511193) phylloxera , a louse that eats roots of grapes and almost (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/3613731/When-France-withered-on-the-vine.html) wiped out France's wine industry mid-19th century.
In the 1870s a phylloxera plague of small aphids destroyed most of Europe's vines.
Once a thriving wine country, with early settlers supplying Gold Rush communities with spirits and fruit, El Dorado's wine grape industry suffered during Prohibition and from grape phylloxera.
Add to this the region's bug-free vines (South Australia has never been plagued by the vine pest phylloxera) and a talented producer, and you're in for a real treat.