phytotoxin


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

phytotoxin

(ˌfaɪtəʊˈtɒksɪn)
n
(Chemistry) a toxin, such as strychnine, that is produced by a plant. Compare zootoxin
ˌphytoˈtoxic adj
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.phytotoxin - any substance produced by plants that is similar in its properties to extracellular bacterial toxin
nicotine - an alkaloid poison that occurs in tobacco; used in medicine and as an insecticide
strychnine - an alkaloid plant toxin extracted chiefly from nux vomica; formerly used as a stimulant
brucine - a bitter alkaloid poison resembling strychnine and extracted from nux vomica
hemlock - poisonous drug derived from an Eurasian plant of the genus Conium; "Socrates refused to flee and died by drinking hemlock"
toxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species
mycotoxin - a toxin produced by a fungus
curare, tubocurarine - a toxic alkaloid found in certain tropical South American trees that is a powerful relaxant for striated muscles; "curare acts by blocking cholinergic transmission at the myoneural junction"
References in periodicals archive ?
Nevertheless, the state of Santa Catarina (in southern Brazil) is the only place that performs periodic microbiological and phytotoxin monitoring of cultured and extracted bivalves (de Souza et al., 2015).
sclerotiorum also secretes oxalic acid as a nonspecific phytotoxin, that may act as a signaling molecule or elicitor to subvert and redirect host pathways toward cell death, thus interfering with the functioning of plant guard cells (Cessna et al., 2000; Guimaraes and Stotz, 2004; Kim et al., 2008; Williams et al., 2011).
Lantana camara is known to produce hepatobilliary dysfunction and kidney damage due to elevated hepatic and renal Xanthine oxidase activities due to Lantadine, the phytotoxin present in the plant (Sharma et al., 1981) leading to hepatic jaundice.
De Vay, production and purification of syringomycin, a phytotoxin produced by pseudomonas syringae.
It recently was established that phytotoxin production by Pss is modulated by the perception of specific plant metabolites (Mo & Gross, 1991).
Andolfi et al., "Ophiobolin A, a sesterterpenoid fungal phytotoxin, displays higher in vitro growth-inhibitory effects in mammalian than in plant cells and displays in vivo antitumor activity," International Journal of Oncology, vol.
Ophiobolin A (OP-A), a sesterterpenoid that is produced by the plant pathogenic fungi, was purified from the culture extract of Drechslera gigantea and characterized to be an effective phytotoxin [72, 73].
Massaroli et al., "BcAtf1, a global regulator, controls various differentiation processes and phytotoxin production in Botrytis cinerea," Molecular Plant Pathology, vol.
Singh GM, Fortin PD, Koglin A, Walsh CT (2008): Hydroxylation of the aspartyl residue in the phytotoxin syringomycin E: Characterization of two candidate hydroxylases AspH and SyrP in Pseudomonas syringae.
The reduced yield of agriculture crops was due to allelopathic interference of phytotoxin phenolics from leaves and litter of poplar which accumulated in soil.
Glufosinate, also known as phosphinothricin, is a naturally occurring phytotoxin that was first isolated from the bacteria, Streptomyces viridochromogenes [1-3].