cramp(redirected from pianist's cramp)
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1. An involuntary, spasmodic muscle contraction causing severe pain.
2. A temporary partial paralysis of habitually or excessively used muscles.
3. cramps Spasmodic contractions of the uterus, such as those occurring during menstruation or labor, usually causing pain in the abdomen that may radiate to the lower back and thighs.
v. cramped, cramp·ing, cramps
To affect with or as if with a cramp.
To suffer from or experience cramps.
[Middle English crampe, from Old French, of Germanic origin.]
1. A frame with an adjustable part to hold pieces together; a clamp.
2. A cramp iron.
3. A compressing or restraining force, influence, or thing.
4. A confined position or part.
tr.v. cramped, cramp·ing, cramps
1. To hold together with a cramp.
2. To shut in so closely as to restrict the physical freedom of: were cramped in the tiny cubicle.
a. To steer (the wheels of a vehicle) to make a turn.
b. To jam (a wheel) by a short turn.
cramp (one's) style
To restrict or prevent from free action or expression.
[Middle English crampe, probably from Middle Dutch, hook, cramp. Adj., probably akin to Icelandic krappr, constrained, tight, and Old High German cramf, squeezed.]
1. (Pathology) a painful involuntary contraction of a muscle, typically caused by overexertion, heat, or chill
2. (Pathology) temporary partial paralysis of a muscle group: writer's cramp.
3. (Pathology) (usually plural in the US and Canada) severe abdominal pain
(Pathology) (tr) to affect with or as if with a cramp
[C14: from Old French crampe, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German krampho]
1. (Tools) Also called: cramp iron a strip of metal with its ends bent at right angles, used to bind masonry
2. (Tools) a device for holding pieces of wood while they are glued; clamp
3. something that confines or restricts
4. a confined state or position
5. (Tools) to secure or hold with a cramp
6. to confine, hamper, or restrict
7. cramp someone's style informal to prevent a person from using his abilities or acting freely and confidently
[C15: from Middle Dutch crampe cramp, hook, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German khramph bent; see cramp1]
1. Often, cramps.
a. an involuntary, usu. painful contraction or spasm of a muscle or muscles.
b. a painful contraction of involuntary muscle in the wall of the abdomen, uterus, or other organ.
3. to affect with or as if with a cramp.
[1325–75; Middle English crampe < Old French < Germanic; compare Old Saxon krampo, Old High German krampfo cramp]
1. a metal bar with bent ends for holding together building stones or for fastening them to a steel or concrete beam.
2. a portable frame or tool with a movable part that can be screwed up to hold things together; clamp.
3. anything that confines or restrains.
4. a cramped state or part.v.t.
5. to fasten or hold with a cramp.
6. to restrict or hamper.
7. to steer (the wheels of a vehicle) in order to make a turn.Idioms:
cramp one's style, to prevent one from showing one's best abilities.
[1375–1425; late Middle English crampe < Middle Dutch: hook. See cramp1]
Past participle: cramped
A painful involuntary muscle spasm, which may result from loss of salt owing to excessive sweating or from deficient blood supply to the affected area.
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|Noun||1.||cramp - a painful and involuntary muscular contraction|
symptom - (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
charley horse, charley-horse - a muscular cramp (especially in the thigh or calf) following vigorous exercise
graphospasm, writer's cramp - muscular spasms of thumb and forefinger while writing with a pen or pencil
blepharospasm - spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye
crick, kink, rick, wrick - a painful muscle spasm especially in the neck or back (`rick' and `wrick' are British)
myoclonus - a clonic spasm of a muscle or muscle group
opisthotonos - severe spasm in which the back arches and the head bends back and heels flex toward the back
twitch, twitching, vellication - a sudden muscle spasm; especially one caused by a nervous condition
tenesmus - painful spasm of the anal sphincter along with an urgent desire to defecate without the significant production of feces; associated with irritable bowel syndrome
trismus - prolonged spasm of the jaw muscles
|2.||cramp - a clamp for holding pieces of wood together while they are glued|
|3.||cramp - a strip of metal with ends bent at right angles; used to hold masonry together|
|Verb||1.||cramp - secure with a cramp; "cramp the wood"|
|2.||cramp - prevent the progress or free movement of; "He was hampered in his efforts by the bad weather"; "the imperialist nation wanted to strangle the free trade between the two small countries"|
|3.||cramp - affect with or as if with a cramp|
affect - act physically on; have an effect upon; "the medicine affects my heart rate"
|4.||cramp - suffer from sudden painful contraction of a muscle|
noun spasm, pain, ache, contraction, pang, stiffness, stitch, convulsion, twinge, crick, shooting pain She started getting stomach cramps this morning.
تَشَنُّجيَحْشو، يُدْخِل في مكان ضَيّقيُعيقُ، يُقَيِّدُ
krampelægge en dæmper på
n (Med) → Krampf m; to have cramp in one’s leg → einen Krampf im Bein haben; to have the cramps (US) → Krämpfe haben
n (also cramp iron) → Bauklammer f
vt → klammern
(a) painful stiffening of the muscles. The swimmer got cramp and drowned. kramp تَشَنُّج схващане câimbra křeč der Krampf krampe κράμπαcalambre, rampa kramp گرفتگی عضله kramppi crampe הִתכּווצוּת שְׁרִירִים ऎंठन या मरोड़ की पीड़ा देना grč görcs kejang krampi crampo 筋肉のけいれん 경련 mėšlungis, spazmas krampji kejang otot krampkrampeskurcz عضلی درد câimbra crampă судорога kŕč krč grč kramp ตะคริว kramp 痛性痙攣 судома, корчі اكڑن chuột rút 痛性痉挛verb
1. to put into too small a space. We were all cramped together in a tiny room. indruk يَحْشو، يُدْخِل في مكان ضَيّق набутвам apertar nacpat, stěsnat einzwängen presse sammen στριμώχνωapretar, amontonar sisse suruma چپاندن؛ انباشتن ahtautua entasser לְהַחֲזִיק בְמָקוֹם צָר जकड़ना, रोकना zbiti összeszorít menjejali þvinga, troða stipare 閉じ込める 좁은 공간에 가두다 ankštai patalpinti saspiest; iespiest (mazā telpā) bersesak op elkaar pakken tvinge/presse sammen wtłaczać, pakować څړیکه apertar a (se) înghesui тесниться napchať stisniti skučiti se tränga ihop ถูกอัดแน่น sıkıştırmak 塞進，擠進 стиснути چھوٹی جگہ میں ٹھونسنا bị chuột rút 紧缩
2. to restrict; Lack of money cramped our efforts. belemmer يُعيقُ، يُقَيِّدُ спъвам limitar ochromit hemmen lægge en dæmper på δυσχεραίνω, περιορίζωrestringir, limitar, estorbar piirama محدود کردن estää gêner לְהַגבִּיל रोक लगाना ograničiti, sputavati gátol membatasi takmarka limitare 妨げる 제한하다 riboti, varžyti ierobežot; kavēt menghadkan belemmerenhindre, hemme, legge bånd påograniczać محدودول limitar a îngreuna ограничивать ochromiť ovirati sputavati begränsa, hämma จำกัด engellemek 限制，阻礙 зв'язувати محدود كرنا cản trở 束缚，阻碍
n. calambre, espasmo, entumecimiento; contracción dolorosa de un músculo.