Nineteenth-century instrument builders made so many changes to the piano action
that keyboard players needed a new approach to technique.
They even manage to play drums and crash cymbals with the help of a deconstructed piano action
, the Verge reported.
These instruments have a genuine piano action
, with all the wooden parts normally seen in an acoustic piano.
This characteristic also means that the 88-note piano track on ProSonus' Studio Reference Disc over-emphasizes the sound of the piano action
He explains patiently and clearly how the piano action
However, it seems that the piano action
has only been analyzed by a handful of engineers who happen to be musicians, most notably, the composer Rimsky-Korsakov in 1937.
An intriguing aspect of her approach to piano technique is that her understanding of the piano action
is strongly determined by the need for illusion: "Sometimes [the player] presses the key firmly after it has been played in order to prolong its vibration, occasionally striking [the key again].
And neither of these archetypes bears much resemblance to the fortepianos of Bartolomeo Cristofori inventor of the first successful piano action
Using a clockwork mechanism as a comparison, Frick draws a connection between the escapement of the piano action
with the pedal mechanism of the double harp.
He is a curator at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, and thus has immediate access to the earliest surviving piano by Cristofori (the 'inventor' of the piano) as well as another early piano action
in a converted spinettino, originally made in 1585 by Bonafinis.
Silbermann's pianos were nearly the last to copy Cristofori's mature piano action
largely without change.
In a contrasting instance, the author, following an amateurish picture book (Franz Joseph Hirt, Meisterwerke des Klavierbaus: Geschichte der Saitenklaviere von 1440 bis 1880 [Olten, Switzerland: Urs Graf, 1955], 51) of the type deplored in her introduction, reports that an Erard piano of 1808 has a "repetition" action, but she suppresses information from a more recent and presumably more reliable source (Clemens von Gleich, A Checklist of Pianos, Musical Instrument Collection, Haags Gemeentemuseum [The Hague: Haags Gemeentemuseum, 1986], 15) that the instrument has the standard English grand piano action