pineal

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Related to pineal glands: pituitary glands, Thymus glands, Thyroid glands

pin·e·al

 (pĭn′ē-əl, pī′nē-)
adj.
1. Having the form of a pine cone.
2. Of or relating to the pineal gland.

[French pinéal, from Latin pīnea, pine cone, from feminine of pīneus, of pine, from pīnus, pine tree; see peiə- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

pineal

(ˈpɪnɪəl; paɪˈniːəl)
adj
1. (Botany) resembling a pine cone
2. (Anatomy) of or relating to the pineal gland
[C17: via French from Latin pīnea pine cone]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

pin•e•al

(ˈpɪn i əl, ˈpaɪ ni-, paɪˈni-)

adj.
1. resembling a pine cone in shape.
2. of or pertaining to the pineal gland.
[1675–85; < New Latin pīneālis= Latin pīne(a) pine cone, n. use of feminine of pīneus of a pine tree (pīn(us) pine1 + -eus -eous) + -ālis -al1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.pineal - relating to the pineal body; "pineal hormone"
2.pineal - having the form of a pine cone
rounded - curving and somewhat round in shape rather than jagged; "low rounded hills"; "rounded shoulders"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
käpyrauhanen

pin·e·al

a. pineal, en forma de piña o cono;
___ glandglándula ___
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

pineal

adj pineal
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
After making the greatest opposition between thought and extension, Descartes, like Plato, supposes them to be reunited for a time, not in their own nature but by a special divine act (compare Phaedrus), and he also supposes all the parts of the human body to meet in the pineal gland, that alone affording a principle of unity in the material frame of man.
A good deal more than a year ago, before anything was known of Lydgate's skill, the judgments on it had naturally been divided, depending on a sense of likelihood, situated perhaps in the pit of the stomach or in the pineal gland, and differing in its verdicts, but not the less valuable as a guide in the total deficit of evidence.
Immunohistochemical localization of gonadotropin and gonadal steroid receptors in human pineal glands. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology; and Metabolism, 82, 977-981.
The hypothalamus in the brain, the ovaries and the pineal glands all influence weight.
To investigate this hypothesis, researchers have primarily used two approaches: (1) removing the pineal glands of laboratory animals (e.g., rats and hamsters) to eliminate the influence of the body's own (i.e., endogenous) melatonin and/or (2) treating the animals with additional (i.e., exogenous) melatonin to determine the effects of increased melatonin levels.
In police mortuaries in South Africa, Scheper-Hughes said that eyes, heart valves, and pineal glands have been harvested from corpses of the poor without family consent, only to later appear at local transplant clinics.
Mice that lack a particular docking site, the p75 receptor, fail to retain certain nerve connections from the brain to the pineal glands and the sweat glands in the lateral foot pads, they report in the March 11 Science.
In the present study, we investigated whether SDT fatty rats show impaired circadian rhythms of spontaneous locomotor activity (SLA), plasma metabolic parameters, and plasma melatonin concentrations, as well as changes in the expression of arylalkylamine-N-acetyltransferase (Aanat) and acetylserotonin O-methyltransferase (Asmt) mRNA, which encode the rate-limiting enzymes for melatonin synthesis [22-24] in the pineal glands of SDT fatty rats.
Because "pineal glands were affected directly, this strongly supports the assumption that organs may be affected by weak EMFs," asserts study director Alexander Lerchl of the Institute for Reproductive Medicine in Munster, Germany.
After, the brains with the pineal glands were postfixed by immersion in the same fixative for 24 h at 4[degrees]C.
Pineal glands of birds, fish, amphibians and reptiles have similar cells, although they tend to be more rudimentary and more randomly oriented than in the retina.