pituitary gland


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Related to pituitary gland: hypothalamus, pineal gland, thyroid gland

pituitary gland

n.
A small oval endocrine gland attached to the base of the vertebrate brain and consisting of an anterior and a posterior lobe, the secretions of which control the other endocrine glands and influence growth, metabolism, and maturation. Also called hypophysis, pituitary body.

pituitary gland

or

pituitary body

n
(Anatomy) the master endocrine gland, attached by a stalk to the base of the brain. Its two lobes (the adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis) secrete hormones affecting skeletal growth, development of the sex glands, and the functioning of the other endocrine glands. Also called: hypophysis or hypophysis cerebri See also adenohypophysis, neurohypophysis

pitu′itary gland`


n.
a small, somewhat cherry-shaped double-lobed structure attached to the base of the brain, constituting the master endocrine gland affecting all hormonal functions of the body. Compare anterior pituitary, posterior pituitary.
[1605–15]

pi·tu·i·tar·y gland

(pĭ-to͞o′ĭ-tĕr′ē)
A gland at the base of the brain in vertebrate animals that regulates the function of most of the body's hormone-producing glands and organs, including the thyroid and adrenal glands. The pituitary gland also controls overall body growth.

pituitary gland

(or hypophysis) A two-part endocrine gland on the sphenoid bone in the skull. It controls other endocrine glands.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pituitary gland - the master gland of the endocrine systempituitary gland - the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain
ductless gland, endocrine gland, endocrine - any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
hypophyseal stalk - the funnel-shaped stalk connecting the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
adenohypophysis, anterior pituitary, anterior pituitary gland - the anterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature
neurohypophysis, pars nervosa, posterior pituitary, posterior pituitary gland - the posterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature
betweenbrain, diencephalon, interbrain, thalmencephalon - the posterior division of the forebrain; connects the cerebral hemispheres with the mesencephalon
Translations
hypofýzapodvěsek mozkový
aivolisäke
heiladingull
hypofyse

pi·tu·i·tar·y gland

n. glándula pituitaria. V.: hypophysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
MULTAN -- Doctors at Nishtar Hospital have saved the eyesight of a patient by conducting a two-hour-long endoscopy of pituitary gland, also known as master gland, by installing a camera through his nose.
AN NHS Grampian nurse has been awarded a prestigious national award for her work helping people whose health is affected by problems with their pituitary gland.
After Halee's surgery, Halee no longer has a working pituitary gland, thyroid, and other medical issues.
Magnetic resonance imaging also revealed heterogenous pituitary gland, thickened stalk, and loss of a hot signal (T1 weighted) of the posterior pituitary, which was suggestive of Langerhans cell histiocytosis.
During study period total 97 patients were diagnosed to have a definitive endocrine disorder related to the pituitary gland. Of the 97 patients, 65 (67.0%) were female and 32 (33.0%) were male.
(1) The pituitary gland is located at the base of the brain in the sella turcica (pituitary fossa) of the sphenoid bone.
The hypothalamus is located in the brain and coordinates the actions of the autonomic nervous system (i.e., things our body does that don't require our conscious awareness--for example, breathing, hunger, and body temperature) and also controls the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland, also know as the master gland, coordinates the actions of several other glands in the body, such as the thyroid, adrenals, ovaries, and testicles.
Cosyntropin depot is an alcohol-free formulation of a synthetic ACTH analogue, a hormone secreted from the pituitary gland that is responsible for the stimulation of the adrenal cortex.
Hypophysitis is a rare inflammatory disorder associated with diffuse enlargement and dysfunction of the pituitary gland, with estimated prevalence of 0.88% (1).
The pituitary gland (located near the brain) acts to stimulate production of Cortisol by secreting adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH).
(1) In a recent literature review based on 425 reported cases of primary malignancies metastatic to the pituitary gland, He et al found the incidence of pituitary metastases to be 1.9% among all autopsied cancer cases and 0.9% among all intracranial metastases.