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A small oval endocrine gland attached to the base of the vertebrate brain and consisting of an anterior and a posterior lobe, the secretions of which control the other endocrine glands and influence growth, metabolism, and maturation. Also called hypophysis, pituitary body.
(Anatomy) the master endocrine gland, attached by a stalk to the base of the brain. Its two lobes (the adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis) secrete hormones affecting skeletal growth, development of the sex glands, and the functioning of the other endocrine glands. Also called: hypophysis or hypophysis cerebri See also adenohypophysis, neurohypophysis
a small, somewhat cherry-shaped double-lobed structure attached to the base of the brain, constituting the master endocrine gland affecting all hormonal functions of the body. Compare anterior pituitary, posterior pituitary.
A gland at the base of the brain in vertebrate animals that regulates the function of most of the body's hormone-producing glands and organs, including the thyroid and adrenal glands. The pituitary gland also controls overall body growth.
(or hypophysis) A two-part endocrine gland on the sphenoid bone in the skull. It controls other endocrine glands.
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|Noun||1.||pituitary gland - the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain|
ductless gland, endocrine gland, endocrine - any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
hypophyseal stalk - the funnel-shaped stalk connecting the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
adenohypophysis, anterior pituitary, anterior pituitary gland - the anterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature
neurohypophysis, pars nervosa, posterior pituitary, posterior pituitary gland - the posterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature