plant toxin


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.plant toxin - any substance produced by plants that is similar in its properties to extracellular bacterial toxin
nicotine - an alkaloid poison that occurs in tobacco; used in medicine and as an insecticide
strychnine - an alkaloid plant toxin extracted chiefly from nux vomica; formerly used as a stimulant
brucine - a bitter alkaloid poison resembling strychnine and extracted from nux vomica
hemlock - poisonous drug derived from an Eurasian plant of the genus Conium; "Socrates refused to flee and died by drinking hemlock"
toxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species
mycotoxin - a toxin produced by a fungus
curare, tubocurarine - a toxic alkaloid found in certain tropical South American trees that is a powerful relaxant for striated muscles; "curare acts by blocking cholinergic transmission at the myoneural junction"
References in periodicals archive ?
He addresses ideologies that characterize terrorist organizations, their motives and goals, and their use of biocrime; biohacking and the origin and development of the DIYbio movement, in which people conduct biological or bioengineering experiments in home and other settings; specific pathogens and toxins, such as anthrax, botulism, plague, tularemia, Q fever, salmonellosis, Ebola, Marburg Virus Diseases, smallpox, and their dissemination; and specific cases: physician Debora Green and her efforts to use a lethal plant toxin as a weapon, bioterrorism attacks orchestrated by extremist religious sects in the US and Japan, and the anthrax attack after 9/11.
Immunotoxins usually contain a bacterial or plant toxin payload to induce cell killing, and a targeting domain with an antibody or its fragment to achieve specific binding capacity.
For years, scientists have known of some mutations in upper urinary tract cancer patients exposed to the plant toxin. But the genome-wide spectrum of mutations associated with aristolochic acid exposure remained largely unknown.
Ricin is a potent plant toxin found in the seeds of the castor
In this extension of the 1993 edition, organic chemists Colegate (Plant Toxin Research Group, Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Victoria) and Molyneux (Western Regional Research Center, Albany, California) introduce 21 chapters in which multi- disciplinary international scientists (mostly new contributors) review applications of recent techniques for the detection, isolation, and structural determination of biologically-active natural products which potentially offer new medicines for treating disease.
Inventories of plant and animal food items are being compiled to determine if a naturally occurring plant toxin or contaminated food/water is the source of the disease.
A researcher from Purdue University has discovered that a natural plant toxin can stop invading fungi by turning a fungus' protein production system against itself.
Other than Rashneeshee and the Aum Shinrikyo, the only other confirmed attempt by a terrorist group to use bioagents involved the Mau Mau, who used a plant toxin to poison cattle.
A team from A*STAR's Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology has discovered the secret recipe for 'antidotes' that could neutralize the deadly plant toxin Ricin - widely feared for its bioterrorism potential - as well as the Pseudomonas exotoxin responsible for the tens of thousands of hospital-acquired infections in immune-compromised patients around the world.
In fact, it all sounds like choosing the latest lippy, that someone might just forget to mention that Botox is actually a derivative of botulinum - a deadly plant toxin which is even used in biological warfare.
Detective work that unmasked a plant toxin poisonous to beef cattle has helped medical science in its search for cancer-fighting weapons.