plantar nerve


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plantar nerve

n.
Either of two nerves that innervate the foot, with the smaller lateral one supplying the deep muscles of the foot and the lateral skin of the sole and fourth and fifth toes, and the larger medial one supplying muscles on the medial aspect of the foot and the skin of the first four toes and the medial two-thirds of the sole.
References in periodicals archive ?
The innervation of both heads came from the deep branch of the lateral plantar nerve. In most of the samples, said nerve emitted a bouquet for the oblique head and one for the transverse head.
[8,14,20] However, short-term benefits have been demonstrated with the use of corticosteroid injections, which are also associated with numerous complications, such as plantar fascia rupture, fat pad atrophy, lateral plantar nerve injury, and calcaneal osteomyelitis.
and Brage [21] performed an anatomic study and found that an osteotomy 15 mm from the calcaneocuboid mayinjure the FHL, FDL, medial plantar nerve, or tibialis posterior.
The neurovascular pedicle was preserved containing superficial branches of the median plantar artery as well as cutaneous branches of the median plantar nerve. The flap was positioned over the defect and attached to the surrounding tissue via continuous subcutaneous followed by continuous intracutaneous sutures (both Vicryl 4.0) and a cutaneous suture (Ethilon 4.0).
The second and third digits of the hands and feet are most frequently involved, corresponding to the median nerve and medial plantar nerve supply in the upper and lower limbs, respectively.
[3,8] Medial plantar neuropathy (jogger's foot), neuropathic pain over the course of the medial plantar nerve, [3] is a well-known phenomenon that occurs during and after exercise.
Neural enlargement and irregularity may be prominent involving the median nerve in the hand and the plantar nerve in the foot (2,3).
The radial artery was anastomosed end to side to the posterior tibial artery; the 2 venae comitantes, end to end to the long saphenous vein, and the lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve end to side to the medial plantar nerve. Despite multiple previous excisions resulting in extensive scarring, there was no difficulty in finding the recipient nerve.
This rare congenital abnormality occurs most frequently in the distribution of the median nerve in the upper, and medial plantar nerve in the lower, extremity.
Lateral plantar nerve entrapment may also cause neuropathic pain on the plantar surface.