plantigrade


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plan·ti·grade

 (plăn′tĭ-grād′)
adj.
Walking with the entire sole of the foot on the ground, as humans, bears, raccoons, and rabbits do.

[French : Latin planta, sole of the foot; see plat- in Indo-European roots + Latin -gradus, going (from gradī, to walk, go; see ghredh- in Indo-European roots).]

plan′ti·grade′ n.

plantigrade

(ˈplæntɪˌɡreɪd)
adj
(Zoology) walking with the entire sole of the foot touching the ground, as, for example, man and bears
n
(Zoology) a plantigrade animal
[C19: via French from New Latin plantigradus, from Latin planta sole of the foot + gradus a step]

plan•ti•grade

(ˈplæn tɪˌgreɪd)

adj.
1. walking on the entire sole of the foot, as humans and bears.
n.
2. a plantigrade animal.
[1825–35; < New Latin plantigradus= Latin plant(a) sole + -i- -i- + -gradus -grade]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.plantigrade - an animal that walks with the entire sole of the foot touching the ground as e.g. bears and human beings
eutherian, eutherian mammal, placental, placental mammal - mammals having a placenta; all mammals except monotremes and marsupials
Adj.1.plantigrade - (of mammals) walking on the whole sole of the foot (as rabbits, raccoons, bears, and humans do)
mammal, mammalian - any warm-blooded vertebrate having the skin more or less covered with hair; young are born alive except for the small subclass of monotremes and nourished with milk
digitigrade - (of mammals) walking on the toes with the posterior part of the foot raised (as cats, dogs, and horses do)
Translations
References in classic literature ?
I was with the Philadelphia Institute expedition in the Bad Lands under Professor Cope, hunting mastodon bones, and I overheard him say, his own self, that any plantigrade circumflex vertebrate bacterium that hadn't wings and was uncertain was a reptile.
kangaroos), and those species of plantigrade mammals that are facultative bipeds and differ from primitive theropods in their morphofunctional conformation (e.g.
On physical examination, he had 8 digits on the left side, all moving well, with a plantigrade foot and a wider heel with a lateral prominence.
Each leg was maintained in a stance position distally, with the intact foot centrally placed and plantigrade on the testing platform.
The aim of the treatment is to provide pain-less mobility to the patient with a plantigrade foot, and without a need to wear the special shoes.
The disease progression may lead to a loss of osteoligamentous architecture with loss of the plantigrade foot alignment [2,3].
The low number of strides containing an aerial phase during fast locomotion--namely "grounded-running"--is typical of small mammals, whose flexed limbs and plantigrade feet tend to prolong stance phase.
Forty seven percent of clubfeet patients require one or more surgical revisions depending upon the procedure already done and the amount of deformity left.3 The objectives of treatment include correction of all types of deformities present, pain free life, good motility with plantigrade foot, no calluses and no need for wearing special shoes.
This poses a newer issue, because of weightbearing at around ten months of age on an uncorrected foot, before achieving a plantigrade foot, will lead to bony deformity, creating incongruous surfaces at the joints.
Our patient underwent open reduction and internal fixation to stabilize the lateral column and talonavicular articulations, which resulted in a stable and plantigrade foot without radiographic evidence of talar avascular necrosis at latest follow-up.
Maximal ankle dorsiflexion and plantarflexion was measured in a non-weight-bearing position while the ankle joint was in a plantigrade (90 degrees) and neutral position respectively using a standard goniometer with 2[degrees] increments.
limbatus and Spondylus gloriosus may begin the settlement, though plantigrade stages can be observed up to 3 mo after fertilization (Table 1) (Parnell 2002, Soria et al.