Those unfree, held captive to plantocracy
profit margins, were also further debased by the violence of a constructed iniquitous ideology of untenable conceptualised racial superiority (Olusoga 2016).
The title Witchbroom refers to a fungus that attacks cocoa trees, and is also used as a metaphor for the decline of the island's plantocracy
. An inherently fascinating and iconoclastic read from beginning to end, "Witchbroom" is also available in a digital book format (Kindle, $8.99).
Sugar triggered wars, political manipulation, piracy, plunder and led to the establishment of plantocracy
mdash a high-society of sugar barons led by Col James Drax.
Cozier and Robertson (1993) noted that the French plantocracy
kept horses specifically for festive occasions when they were matched against each other.
Ultimately, Don Manuel's inability to hold on to Piedra Azul not only points to his lack of foresight and adaptiveness, but also to a moment in Venezuela's history that was no longer favorable to a social order dictated by a plantocracy
. The slaves had been emancipated but old racial and class hatreds were still fueling civil unrest, the discovery of oil had prompted a new source of revenue, and the population was shifting to more centralized, urban sites.
's concern with the diminished number of servants is reflected in laws enacted during the last three decades of the seventeenth century designed to encourage and facilitate the bringing of servants to the island (Hall 1764:477-92).
(25) Thomas Welch, "Emancipation Theology and the British West Indian Plantocracy
," in Historical Papers 2001: Canadian Society of Church History.
Perhaps it is because the absolute, brutal and crushing practices of slavery, plantocracy
, resource-extraction and colonialism rendered the region as places without history, sites of translocated labour, devoid of an authentic identity.
From the mid-eighteenth century, a numerically small sugar plantocracy
wielded influence within local government and ensured that colonial policy served its interests located on the coastland.
(125) Because West Indians received land, they were able to create an independent, landed peasantry with a political-power base independent of the landed plantocracy
For Matthews, Sutpen accidentally reveals the machinery of oppression on which the plantocracy
perches by the bumbling way he goes about becoming a planter.
Chapters are: a changing presence; Father Antoine BietAEs account revisited; the Irish in Barbados; liberty, freedom and the green Atlantic; Irish encounters with the Jamaican plantocracy
, 1814-1838; entanglements of root and branch; historic and contemporary Irish identity on Montserrat; cataloguing Ireland; Pamela Colman SmithAEs performative primitivism; the final fortress; water songs; the haunted ocean; Que diga perejil/Abair broagh; Medbh McGuckianAEs Shelmalier and Dionne BrandAEs Inventory; otwo tuneso; mutual obsessions; rewriting Heathcliff.