plasma

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plas·ma

 (plăz′mə)
n. also plasm (plăz′əm)
1.
a. The clear, yellowish fluid portion of blood, lymph, or intramuscular fluid in which cells are suspended. It differs from serum in that it contains fibrin and other soluble clotting elements.
b. Blood plasma, especially when sterilized and depleted of cells for transfusion.
2. Protoplasm or cytoplasm.
3. The fluid portion of milk from which the curd has been separated by coagulation; whey.
4. Physics An electrically neutral, highly ionized phase of matter composed of ions, electrons, and neutral particles. It is distinct from solids, liquids, and gases.
adj.
Of or relating to a flat-panel display used in televisions, made up of an array of tiny cells each containing a gaseous mixture of xenon and neon that is changed into a plasma state to illuminate a phosphor coating on the inside of the cell.

[New Latin, from Late Latin, image, figure, from Greek, from plassein, to mold; see pelə- in Indo-European roots.]

plas·mat′ic (plăz-măt′ĭk), plas′mic (-mĭk) adj.

plasma

(ˈplæzmə) or

plasm

n
1. (Physiology) the clear yellowish fluid portion of blood or lymph in which the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are suspended
2. (Physiology) short for blood plasma
3. (Biology) a former name for protoplasm, cytoplasm
4. (Nuclear Physics) physics
a. a hot ionized material consisting of nuclei and electrons. It is sometimes regarded as a fourth state of matter and is the material present in the sun, most stars, and fusion reactors
b. the ionized gas in an electric discharge or spark, containing positive ions and electrons and a small number of negative ions together with un-ionized material
5. (Minerals) a green slightly translucent variety of chalcedony, used as a gemstone
6. (Cookery) a less common term for whey
[C18: from Late Latin: something moulded, from Greek, from plassein to mould]
plasmatic, ˈplasmic adj

plas•ma

(ˈplæz mə)

n.
1. the fluid part of blood or lymph, as distinguished from the cellular components.
3. a green, faintly translucent chalcedony.
4. a highly ionized gas containing an approximately equal number of positive ions and electrons.
Also, plasm (ˈplæz əm) (for defs. 1-3).
[1705–15; < Late Latin < Greek plásma something molded or formed, akin to plássein to form, mold. compare plastic]
plas•mat′ic (-ˈmæt ɪk) plas′mic, adj.

plas·ma

(plăz′mə)
2. Protoplasm or cytoplasm.
3. A state of matter similar to a gas but consisting of positively charged ions with most or all of their detached electrons moving freely about. Because the concentrations of free electrons and positively charged ions are nearly equal, a plasma is electrically neutral. Plasmas are produced by very high temperatures, as in the sun and other stars, and also by the ionization resulting from exposure to an electric current, as in a fluorescent light bulb or a neon sign.

plasma

1. A gas with roughly equal numbers of negative and positive ions.
2. The fluid part of blood.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.plasma - the colorless watery fluid of the blood and lymph that contains no cells, but in which the blood cells (erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes) are suspendedplasma - the colorless watery fluid of the blood and lymph that contains no cells, but in which the blood cells (erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes) are suspended
ECF, extracellular fluid - liquid containing proteins and electrolytes including the liquid in blood plasma and interstitial fluid; "the body normally has about 15 quarts of extracellular fluid"
plasma protein - any of the proteins in blood plasma
gamma globulin, human gamma globulin - a plasma protein containing the immunoglobulins that are responsible for immune responses
2.plasma - a green slightly translucent variety of chalcedony used as a gemstone
calcedony, chalcedony - a milky or greyish translucent to transparent quartz
3.plasma - (physical chemistry) a fourth state of matter distinct from solid or liquid or gas and present in stars and fusion reactors; a gas becomes a plasma when it is heated until the atoms lose all their electrons, leaving a highly electrified collection of nuclei and free electrons; "particles in space exist in the form of a plasma"
physical chemistry - the branch of chemistry dealing with the physical properties of chemical substances
interplanetary gas - a rarefied flow of gas and charged particles (plasma) that stream from the sun and form the solar wind
state of matter, state - (chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the container); "the solid state of water is called ice"
Translations
بْلازما
plazma
plasma
פלזמה
plazmavérplazma
blóðvökviblóîvökvirafgas
プラズマ
plazma
plazma
plasmă
plazma
blodplasmaplasma
plâzma

plasma

[ˈplæzmə]
A. Nplasma m
B. ADJ [screen, monitor, television] → de plasma

plasma

[ˈplæzmə]
n
(in blood)plasma m
(PHYSICS) (= gas) → plasma m
modif [screen, TV] → plasma m

plasma

:
plasma screen
n (TV etc) → Plasmabildschirm m
plasma TV

plasma

[ˈplæzmə] nplasma m

plasma

(ˈplӕzmə) noun
the liquid part of blood and certain other fluids produced by the body.

plas·ma

n. plasma, componente líquido de la sangre y linfa que se compone en su mayor parte (91%) de agua;
___ proteinsproteínas sanguíneas;
___ cellcélula plasmática productora de inmuno globulinas.

plasma

adj plasmático; — potassium potasio plasmático; n plasma m; fresh frozen — plasma fresco congelado
References in periodicals archive ?
Plasmas are partially or completely ionised gases and in nature make up over 99% of the observable universe, including the sun, the aurora (northern lights), lightening and domestic lighting.
In plasma medicine for cancer studies, so far jet plasmas (often referred as plasma needle) and dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasmas with large electrodes (35-80 mm diameter) have been used [5, 11, 32].
Cold plasmas can be generated using with corona discharge, glow discharge, dielectric barrier discharge methods.
Treatment of textile substrates with plasmas has until recently been limited to batch processes involving the use of vacuum plasma devices, limiting its applicability in textiles industry.
1 September 2014 - Canadian biological diagnostic and research products maker Affinity Biologicals Inc said Friday it had recently introduced a new range of plasmas, including the Factor VIII Deficient and the Factor IX Deficient plasmas, in Canada and Europe.
Battacharjee reports on research he and his students and collaborators have been conducting since 1996 on the generation of compact wave-assisted plasmas in the microwave regime, the physics of wave interaction with bounded plasmas, and utilizing these narrow cross-sectional plasmas for novel applications in nanoscience and technology.
Zeng, "Improved shift-operator FDTD method for anisotropic magnetized cold plasmas with arbitrary magnetic field declination," Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol.
"We use high-speed cameras with optical filters to capture the behavior of the plasmas."
Plasma astrophysics includes processes active in space, solar, and astrophysical plasmas.
Plasmas have been used for a long time for sterilization of medical equipment, packaging in the food industry, implants, blood coagulation, etc.
"If you have a piece of paper with bacteria on it and you apply cold plasma to it, the paper won't burn but the bacteria will die," says Professor Mounir Laroussi, of Old Dominion University in Virginia, who has studied the effect of cold plasmas for years.