Value of Kurtosis is more >3 under specific set of variables except money supply so money supply is platykurtic
and remaining variables are shown leptokurtic or fat tailed behavior.
Evidently, the platykurtic
character of the plot in Fig.
Both the male and female Control Optimism distributions have significant right skew, with the male distribution being markedly platykurtic
, and the female distribution somewhat less so.
Subjective frequency ratings do not show skew, although they do tend to be slightly platykurtic
: each score from 1 to 5 is approximately equally represented, with no clear peak.
2c), scarce positive skewness (0.337 [+ or -] 0.264) and platykurtic
(kurtosis = 1.697 [+ or -] 0.522).
Concerning the distribution, the results are mostly negative and near zero, revealing a left and platykurtic
tendency, but near normal.
Antisymmetry is distinguished by a platykurtic
(broad peaked) or bimodal distribution of right-left differences around a zero mean (Palmer & Strobeck 2003) (Fig.
With respect to kurtosis, most items had values indicating a mesokurtic distribution, with the exception of item 11 (-1.28), with a flatter distribution (platykurtic
), and items 12 (2.60) and 16 (1.65), whose values suggest a leptokurtic distribution.
In terms of kurtosis, the variables posted the values that are less than 3; thus the distributions are flat (platykurtic
) relative to the normal.
The peakedness or flatness of the distribution of each of the variables as revealed by the Kurtosis statistic were recorded to be flat or platykurtic
relative to the normal for LNFMV, and LNLEV; being less than 3.
Based on the negative values of the kurtosis a platykurtic
distribution was confirmed a.
Mean and standard deviation along with the skewness and kurtosis for the data of each variable are presented in Table 1, the results suggest that the variables are normally distributed; however, revenues have no skewness but are platykurtic
as the kurtosis value 1.77 is less than 3.