The potential of thoracoscopy to examine the entire pleural cavity
and to allow multiple tissue sampling in large numbers under visual inspection are the main advantages for the diagnostic success of this procedure.10,11 However, some patients with exudative PE are diagnosed as nonspecific pleuritis and the aetiology remains unclear even after thoracoscopic biopsy.5,12-15 The main diagnostic value of thoracoscopy in this patient group is the exclusion of malignancy and TB.16
Because of the low volume of the first drainage and the long interval between every time of drainage, the retention time of fibrin in the pleural cavity
is increased, which increases the probability of encapsulated pleural effusion and pleural thickening?20 Risks of pneumothorax and hemothorax also increase if puncture and drainage are repeated.
Initially, massive blood accumulation was observed in the right pleural cavity
; however, there were no obvious active sites of bleeding in the chest wall or the pulmonary parenchyma.
Movement was observed in the right and left hemi thorax and in different intercostal spaces in the pleural cavity
. Abdominal ultrasound evidenced reduced size of the right kidney in comparison to the left.
Parapneumonic effusion or the clinical course of empyema, causative organisms (aerob/anaerob), pus amount in pleural cavity
, previous antibiotic treatment varied from medical condition of the patient.
Loss of BRCA-associated nuclear protein 1 (BAP1) by immunohistochemistry and deletion of Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A (CDKN2A, often referred to as "p16") by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) both have excellent specificity for mesothelioma, but they have limited sensitivity: for BAP1 the sensitivity for epithelioid mesotheliomas is on the order of 60% to 70%, but for sarcomatoid mesotheliomas it is below 20%.1-5 For CDKN2A, the sensitivity is in the range of 60% to 80% in the pleural cavity
, but it is considerably less in the peritoneal cavity.
Urinothorax is an uncommon thoracic complication of the urinary tract; it corresponds to accumulation of urine in the pleural cavity
which in particular occurs secondary to urinary trauma, obstructive uropathy, and abdominal surgery .
In addition, drainage is a vital therapeutic tool for improving CA-MRSA pneumonia. We adopted the use of a thick caliber chest tube to process closed drainage from the thoracic cavity and urokinase injection into the pleural cavity
to assist in effusion drainage and empyema clearance.
The knife penetrated the right lung, and a small amount of hematoma was seen in the pleural cavity
. There was no hematoma around the liver or hematuria in the urinary catheter, but there was suspected laceration on the diaphragm.
Adult Setaria equina is found in peritoneal cavity, pleural cavity
, lungs and eyes of horses.