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Plurals of nouns are used to indicate when there is more than one person, place, animal, or thing.
The normal method for making nouns plural is to add an “-s” at the end of the noun.
If a noun ends in “-s,” “-x,” “-z,” or with a cluster of consonants, such as “-sh”, “-ch”, or “-tch” (as in “watch”), we add “-es” to render it plural.
When the noun ends in a “-y” and it is preceded by a consonant, we change “y” to “i” and add “-es.”
However, when a word ends in a “-y” preceded by a vowel, then we simply add an “-s” as usual.
There are some nouns that are irregular. They do not adhere to spelling rules, and so these need to be memorized.
more than one in number; a plural word or form: dictionaries is the plural form of dictionary
Not to be confused with:
pleural – pertaining to the pleura, a serous membrane lining the thorax and enveloping the lungs: pleural pneumonia
1. Relating to or composed of more than one member, set, or kind: the plural meanings of a text; a plural society.
2. Grammar Of or being a grammatical form that designates more than one of the things specified.
1. The plural number or form.
2. A word or term in the plural form.
[Middle English plurel, from Old French, from Latin plūrālis, from plūs, plūr-, more; see pelə- in Indo-European roots.]
Our Living Language In English, plurals of nouns are normally indicated by the ending -s or -es, or in a few cases by -en, as in children and oxen. Some vernacular varieties of English do not use plural endings in measurement phrases such as three mile and ten pound. This zero plural has a long history and was not formerly as socially stigmatized as it is today. It appears in literary works dating from the Middle English period to the present day, including works of dialect writers, such as this example from Mark Twain's Huck Finn: "The nearest white settlement warnt nearer nor four mile." · In adjectival constructions even Standard English has no -s plural: a five-pound box of candy is acceptable, whereas a five-pounds box is not. These adjective phrases derive from an -a suffix in Old English that marked plural adjectives. This ending has long since fallen away, leaving behind the unmarked root forms. · The absence of -s in the plural form of animal names (hunting for bear, a herd of buffalo) probably arose by analogy with animals like deer and sheep whose plurals have been unmarked since the earliest beginnings of the English language. See Note at foot
1. containing, involving, or composed of more than one person, thing, item, etc: a plural society.
2. (Linguistics) denoting a word indicating that more than one referent is being referred to or described
a. the plural number
b. a plural form
[C14: from Old French plurel, from Late Latin plūrālis concerning many, from Latin plūs more]
1. pertaining to or involving more than one.
2. pertaining to or involving a plurality of persons or things.
3. of or belonging to the grammatical category of number used to indicate that a word has more than one referent, as children or them, or in some languages more than two referents, as Old English ge “you.”n.
4. the plural number.
5. a word or other form in the plural. Abbr.: pl.
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|Noun||1.||plural - the form of a word that is used to denote more than one|
relation - (usually plural) mutual dealings or connections among persons or groups; "international relations"
wings - a means of flight or ascent; "necessity lends wings to inspiration"
ambages - (archaic) roundabout or mysterious ways of action
innings - the batting turn of a cricket player or team
sweepstakes - a lottery in which the prize consists of the money paid by the participants
craps - a gambling game played with two dice; a first throw of 7 or 11 wins and a first throw of 2, 3, or 12 loses and a first throw of any other number must be repeated to win before a 7 is thrown, which loses the bet and the dice
Ludi Saeculares, secular games - the centennial rites and games of ancient Rome that marked the commencement of a new generation (100 years representing the longest life in a generation); observances may have begun as early as the 5th century BC and lasted well into the Christian era
heroics - ostentatious or vainglorious or extravagant or melodramatic conduct; "heroics are for those epic films they make in Hollywood"
deeds, works - performance of moral or religious acts; "salvation by deeds"; "the reward for good works"
services - performance of duties or provision of space and equipment helpful to others; "the mayor tried to maintain city services"; "the medical services are excellent"
calisthenics, callisthenics - light exercises designed to promote general fitness; "several different calisthenics were illustrated in the video"
hustings - the activities involved in political campaigning (especially speech making)
arts and crafts - the arts of decorative design and handicraft; "they sponsored arts and crafts in order to encourage craftsmanship in an age of mass production"
contretemps - an awkward clash; "he tried to smooth over his contretemps with the policeman"
last rites - rites performed in connection with a death or burial
devotion - (usually plural) religious observance or prayers (usually spoken silently); "he returned to his devotions"
Stations, Stations of the Cross - (Roman Catholic Church) a devotion consisting of fourteen prayers said before a series of fourteen pictures or carvings representing successive incidents during Jesus' passage from Pilate's house to his crucifixion at Calvary
round - (often plural) a series of professional calls (usually in a set order); "the doctor goes on his rounds first thing every morning"; "the postman's rounds"; "we enjoyed our round of the local bars"
alms - money or goods contributed to the poor
operations, trading operations - financial transactions at a brokerage; having to do with the execution of trades and keeping customer records
swaddling clothes - restrictions placed on the immature
dirty tricks - underhand commercial or political behavior designed to discredit an opponent
last respects - the act of expressing respect for someone who has died; "he paid his last respects by standing quietly at the graveside"
props - proper respect; "I have to give my props to the governor for the way he handled the problem"
Augean stables - (Greek mythology) the extremely dirty stables that were finally cleaned by Hercules who diverted two rivers through them
backstairs - a second staircase at the rear of a building
bath salts - a preparation that softens or scents a bath
bedspring - (usually plural) one of the springs holding up the mattress of a bed
bellbottom pants, bellbottom trousers, bell-bottoms - trousers with legs that flare; worn by sailors; absurdly wide hems were fashionable in the 1960s
bellows - a mechanical device that blows a strong current of air; used to make a fire burn more fiercely or to sound a musical instrument
bikini pants - small and tight-fitting underpants; worn by women
binoculars, field glasses, opera glasses - an optical instrument designed for simultaneous use by both eyes
bleachers - an outdoor grandstand without a roof; patrons are exposed to the sun as linens are when they are bleached
bloomers, pants, drawers, knickers - underpants worn by women; "she was afraid that her bloomers might have been showing"
boards - the boarding that surrounds an ice hockey rink
boards - the stage of a theater; "most actors love to stride the boards"
bones, castanets, clappers, finger cymbals - a percussion instrument consisting of a pair of hollow pieces of wood or bone (usually held between the thumb and fingers) that are made to click together (as by Spanish dancers) in rhythm with the dance
|Adj.||1.||plural - composed of more than one member, set, or kind|
singular - composed of one member, set, or kind
|2.||plural - grammatical number category referring to two or more items or units|
singular - grammatical number category referring to a single item or unit
plural(ˈpluərəl) noun, adjective
(in) the form of a word which expresses more than one. `Mice' is the plural of `mouse'; a plural noun/verb; Is the verb in the singular or the plural? meervoud صيغَة الجَمْع множествен plural množné číslo; množný der Plural; Plural-... flertal; flertalsform πληθυντικόςplural mitmus جمع monikko pluriel רַבִּים बहुवचन množina többes (szám) jamak fleirtala plurale 複数(の) 복수(의) daugiskaita daudzskaitlis jamak meervoud flertall, pluralis; flertalls-liczba mnoga, w liczbie mnogiej جمع plural plural множественное число množné číslo množina množina plural รูปพหูพจน์ çoğul 複數形(的) множина جمع số nhiều 复数形式（的）
plural→ جَمْع množné číslo flertalsform Plural πληθυντικός plural monikko pluriel množina plurale 複数 복수 meervoudsvorm flertallsform liczba mnoga plural множественное число plural พหูพจน์ çoğul số nhiều 复数
a. gr. plural, más de uno en número.