pneumocystis pneumonia


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pneu•mo•cys′tis pneumo′nia

(ˌnu məˈsɪs tɪs, ˌnyu-)

n.
a rare form of pulmonary infection caused by the protozoan Pneumocystis carinii, occurring as an opportunistic disease in persons with impaired immune systems, as persons with AIDS.Abbr.: PCP Also called pneumocys′tis ca•ri′ni•i pneumo′nia (kəˈraɪ niˌaɪ)
[1980–85; pneumocystis < New Latin: genus name; see pneumo-, cyst]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pneumocystis pneumonia - pneumonia occurring in infants or in persons with impaired immune systems (as AIDS victims)
pneumonia - respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
References in periodicals archive ?
The highest risk populations for Pneumocystis pneumonia are those with HIV infection with low CD4 counts (fewer than 200 cells per cubic milliliter); those receiving glucocorticoids, chemotherapeutic agents, and other immunosuppressive medications; those with hematopoietic cell and solid organ transplants; and those with hematologic malignancies, solid tumors, inflammatory diseases, and vasculitis.
Primary prophylaxis with co-trimoxazole has been shown to decrease hospitalisation, morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV, primarily by decreasing rates of malaria, pneumonia, diarrhoea, Pneumocystis pneumonia, toxoplasmosis and severe bacterial infections.
Pulmonary nocardiosis caused by Nocardia exalbida complicating Pneumocystis pneumonia in an HIV-infected patient.
Pneumocystis Pneumonia is another serious fungal infection that commonly afflicts people with weakened immune systems.
Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a leading result of opportunistic infections in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and it still results in life-threatening complications.
Current insights into the biology and pathogenesis of Pneumocystis pneumonia. Nat Rev Microbiol.
The Kaiser team offers three layers of adjustment for lung cancer risk: (1) demographics (age, sex, race/ethnicity, calendar period), (2) cancer risk factors (smoking, drug/alcohol abuse, overweight/obesity), and (3) any history of pneumonia (Pneumocystis pneumonia or at least two episodes of bacterial or other pneumonia).
Since the first reports in 1981 of the unusual cluster of Kaposi sarcoma and Pneumocystis pneumonia among young, previously healthy homosexual men in New York, NY, and California, USA (2,3), substantial scientific advances have been made in the fight against HIV/AIDS.
The patient's initial chest X-ray demonstrated patchy lower lobe infiltrates and she was commenced on treatment with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for suspected pneumocystis pneumonia. Subsequent bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was negative for pneumocystis jirovecii and treatment for this infection was stopped with the patient receiving seven-day antibiotic treatment.
Various opportunistic infections have been reported in patients with GCA, including invasive aspergillosis, nocardiosis, tuberculosis, varicellazoster infection, and pneumocystis pneumonia. [10-12] However, C.
Serum and BAL beta-D-glucan for the diagnosis of Pneumocystis pneumonia in HIV positive patients.