pneumomediastinum


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Translations

pneu·mo·me·di·as·ti·num

n. L. neumomediastinum, presencia de gas o de aire en los tejidos del mediastino.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Subcutaneous emphysema, pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum generally occur in consequence of esophageal or bronchial ruptures due to trauma, iatrogenic factors, infections, coughing and severe vomiting.
Due to high risk of complications, a thoracic computer tomography was made confirming the suspicion of pneumomediastinum (Figure 3).
In a study conducted on a child with oropharyngeal injuries caused by pressure water jet, further examination revealed contrast media extravasation in the nasopharyngeal region, deep maceration in the tonsillar region and pneumomediastinum in response to the only visible lesion is a small abrasion on the cheek (10).
Surgical emphysema and pneumomediastinum complicating dental extraction.
Dyspnoea, haemoptysis, (massive) softtissue or mediastinal emphysema, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and emphsema are the common symptoms of tracheobronchial injuries.5 Although clinical manifestations may generally occur immediately, slower manifestation of symptoms such as subcutaneous emphysema, respiratory failure, pneumothorax and haemoptysis may delay recognition in some cases.5 The diagnoses of tracheobronchial injuries are not alwayseasy, since the actual presentation of the medical condition might be late and require serious medical attention, therefore the diagnoses could be delayed.
Paratracheal air cysts: a common finding on routine CT examinations of the cervical spine and neck that may mimic pneumomediastinum in patients with traumatic injuries.
Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan of the thorax was done to see any underlying lung conditions precipitating pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum if indicated.
Sharp objects may perforate the esophagus causing neck swelling, crepitus, or pneumomediastinum. Ingestion of gloves, foam, spray foam, bread clip, plastic wires, polystyrene, polyethylene and vinyl can lead to bezoar formation8.
Other less common radiological findings include "crazy paving" pattern in the lung parenchyma; endobronchial secretions; or unspecific areas of post-obstructive pneumonitis, pneumatoceles, pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, and pleural effusions [3-5].
Less often, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, colonic volvulus, hernia incarceration, retroperitoneal abscess, and mesenteric tears may occur.
Amongst the 85 patients with negative studies for PE, 8 patients had type I findings (9.4%), including 6 cases of pneumonia, 1 case of bronchiectasis combined with pneumonia, and 1 case of pneumomediastinum (Table 2).
Jurkovich, "The evaluation of pneumomediastinum in blunt trauma patients," Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection and Critical Care, vol.