(redirected from pneumothoraces)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to pneumothoraces: pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, pleurodesis, Tension pneumothorax


 (no͞o′mō-thôr′ăks′, nyo͞o′-)
Accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity, occurring as a result of disease or injury, or sometimes induced to collapse the lung in the treatment of tuberculosis and other lung diseases.


1. (Pathology) the abnormal presence of air between the lung and the wall of the chest (pleural cavity), resulting in collapse of the lung
2. (Medicine) med the introduction of air into the pleural cavity to collapse the lung: a former treatment for tuberculosis


(ˌnu məˈθɔr æks, -ˈθoʊr-, ˌnyu-)

the presence of air or gas in the pleural cavity.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pneumothorax - abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung; may be spontaneous (due to injury to the chest) or induced (as a treatment for tuberculosis)
abnormalcy, abnormality - an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies


[ˌnjuːməʊˈθɔːræks] npneumotorace m


n. neumotórax, acumulación de aire o gas en la cavidad pleural que resulta en colapso del pulmón afectado;
spontaneous ______ espontáneo;
tension ______ por tensión.


n neumotórax m
References in periodicals archive ?
13-19] The most common reported adverse events were pneumothoraces (5-10%), mild haemoptysis (2-6%) and exacerbations of underlying COPD (8-40%).
Recently, people have been reported developing primary spontaneous pneumothoraces from driving cars rigged with 1,000-wattbass boxes, and standing near speakers at rock concerts.
Chest x-ray confirmed bilateral pneumothoraces, pneumomediastinum, and subcutaneous emphysema (Figure 1).
The additional evaluation for pneumothoraces led to the development of the extended FAST (EFAST) and can be used in abdominal (blunt) and chest (blunt and penetrating) trauma.
Cavitary mass lesion and recurrent pneumothoraces due to Paragonimus kellicotti infection: North American paragonimiasis.
All 12 patients were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), where 10 were mechanically ventilated; none developed pneumothoraces.
Colon perforation, bilateral, pneumothoraces, pneumopericardium, pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema complicating colonoscopic polypectomy: anatomic and management consideration.
Table 1 Contraindications to VHI or MHI Conditions Acute pulmonary oedemas Severe bronchospasm Haemoptysis Documented cystic lung changes (bullae or blebs) Subcutaneous emphysema Undrained pneumothoraces or intercostal catheter with air leak Obstructing airway tumour or lung tumour Bronchopleural fistula Patients requiring nitric oxide or prostaglandins infusions Coagulopathic conditions Physiological parameters Respiratory PEEP (>10 cm[H.
TCCC is focused on causes of preventable death on the battlefield and has a greater emphasis on tourniquets (combat application tourniquets), hemostatic dressings (Combat Gauze, Combat Medical Systems, Fayetteville, NC), needle decompression of tension pneumothoraces, and surgical airways.
They included three pneumothoraces, which were treated in the recovery unit with needle decompression, an esophageal perforation that was recognized and repaired intraoperatively, and an esophageal perforation that was noted on postoperative day 2 and required a reoperation.
There were 3 and 2 incidents of pneumothoraces, respectively.
Both pneumothoraces and hemothoraces are well-recognized injuries resulting from a variety of traumatic events, quite often requiring placement of one or more thoracostomy tubes.