podophyllum


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to podophyllum: Podophyllum peltatum, podophyllum resin

podophyllum

(ˌpɒdəʊˈfɪləm)
n
(Plants) a plant of the genus Podophyllum

pod•o•phyl•lum

(ˌpɒd əˈfɪl əm)

n.
the dried rhizome of the May apple, Podophyllum peltatum, from which podophyllin is obtained.
[1750–60; < New Latin; see podo-, -phyll]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.podophyllum - perennial rhizomatous herbsPodophyllum - perennial rhizomatous herbs    
magnoliid dicot genus - genus of dicotyledonous flowering plants regarded as among the most primitive of extant angiosperms
mayapple, Podophyllum peltatum, wild mandrake, May apple - North American herb with poisonous root stock and edible though insipid fruit
References in periodicals archive ?
Podophyllotoxin, extracted from Podophyllum emodi is used with its derivatives (etoposide and teniposide) for the treatment of lymphomas as well as bronchial and testicular cancers (Cragg and Newman, 2005).
America: Wild mandrake (Mayapple, Indian apple, Podophyllum peltatum L.
Of the 90 medicinal plant species used for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, the following 15 are considered rare and endangered: Aconitum heterophyllum, Angelica glauca, Paris polyphylla, Thalictrumfoliolosum, Artemisia maritima, Zanthoxylum armatum, Delphinium cashmerianum, Gloriosa superba, Nardostachys jatamansi, Rheum australe, Podophyllum hexandrum, Hippophea salicifolia, Picrorhiza kurrooa, Terminalia chebula and Saussurea costus.
Medicinal plant name Isolated compounds (structures are shown in Figure 1) Taxus baccata Cabazitaxel Colchium autumnale Colchicine (autumn crocus) Combretum caffrum Combretastatin Taxus species Docetaxol Glycyrrhiza uralensis Isoliquiritigenin Needles of yew trees Larotaxel Taxus baccata Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllotoxin Podophyllum emodi Taxus brevifolia Paclitaxel Polygonum roots, Peanut Resveratrol seeds, Berries and grapes Broussonetia papyrifera 2S-abyssinone II Verubulin Catharanthus roseus Vinblastine G.
Podophyllum toxicity: Case report and literature review.
Remedies: Abelmoschus, Acetic Acid, Aethusa, Ailanthus, Anantherum, Argemon, Asclepias, Tuberosa, Baptisia, Benzoic Acid, Bryonia, Carbo Vegetabilis, Carnegia gigantean, Chamomilla, Doryphora, Euphrasia, Gallic Acid, Gambogia, Helleborus, Hyoscyamus, Ipecac, Lycopus, Mancinella, Nux Moschata, Nux Vomica, Paris, Petroleum, Polystyrene, Podophyllum, Pyrogenium, Rheum, Rhus Tox, Sacchrum Album, Sulphuricum Acidum, Thyroidinum, Veratrum Veride, Viscum.
Seed production and seedling establishment in the may apple, Podophyllum peltatum L.
Podophyllum emodi and Paeonia emodi were found absent from the disturbed forest while encountered in restored forest.
Podophyllotoxin is a non-alkaloid toxin lignan extracted from the roots and rhizomes of Podophyllum species which is again an antitumor agent (57-59).