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1. A substance that causes injury, illness, or death, especially by chemical means.
2. Something destructive or fatal.
3. Chemistry A substance that inhibits another substance or a reaction: a catalyst poison.
tr.v. poi·soned, poi·son·ing, poi·sons
1. To kill or harm with poison.
2. To put poison on or into: poisoning arrows; poisoned the drink.
a. To pollute: Noxious fumes poison the air. See Synonyms at contaminate.
b. To have a harmful influence on; corrupt: Jealousy poisoned their friendship.
4. Chemistry & Physics To inhibit (a substance or reaction).

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin pōtiō, pōtiōn-, drink; see pō(i)- in Indo-European roots.]

poi′son·er n.


[ˈpɔɪzənd] adj [food, drink, weapon] → empoisonné(e) poisoned chalicepoisoned chalice ncadeau m empoisonné


food, arrowvergiftet; a poisoned chalice (esp Brit fig) → ein bitterer Kelch
(= contaminated) air, water, soilvergiftet
(Med: = infected) → infiziert
References in classic literature ?
Then the blood ran cold in her heart with spite and malice, to see that Snowdrop still lived; and she dressed herself up again, but in quite another dress from the one she wore before, and took with her a poisoned comb.
So she went by herself into her chamber, and got ready a poisoned apple: the outside looked very rosy and tempting, but whoever tasted it was sure to die.
Now the apple was so made up that one side was good, though the other side was poisoned.
Exactly," said Challenger, rubbing his hands, "we are all poisoned.
Is in danger of being poisoned by the breath of a serpent.
He whom the flame of jealousy encompasseth, turneth at last, like the scorpion, the poisoned sting against himself.
It was poisoned, Peter," she told him softly; "and now I am going to be dead.
An hour afterwards a physician declared they were both poisoned through eating mushrooms.
Caesar, poisoned at the same time, escaped by shedding his skin like a snake; but the new skin was spotted by the poison till it looked like a tiger's.
At the sight of papers of all sorts, -- titles, contracts, parchments, which were kept in the archives of the family, all descending from the poisoned cardinal, I in my turn examined the immense bundles of documents, like twenty servitors, stewards, secretaries before me; but in spite of the most exhaustive researches, I found -- nothing.
serves for me the fate of Cardinals Caprara and Bentivoglio, who were poisoned.
Initial findings suggest that the vultures consumed a poisoned livestock carcass outside the conservancies and flew in and were found dead inside some of the conservancies.