pokeweed


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Related to pokeweed: Phytolacca americana, Poke salad

poke·weed

 (pōk′wēd′)
n.
Any of various tall herbaceous poisonous plants of the genus Phytolacca, especially P. americana of eastern North America, having reddish stems, elongated clusters of small white flowers, and dark purple berries. Also called inkberry, pokeberry, pokeroot.

[poke + weed.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

pokeweed

(ˈpəʊkˌwiːd) ,

pokeberry

or

pokeroot

n
(Plants) a tall North American plant, Phytolacca americana, that has small white flowers, juicy purple berries, and a poisonous purple root used medicinally: family Phytolaccaceae. Sometimes shortened to: poke Also called: inkberry
[C18 poke, shortened from Algonquian puccoon plant used in dyeing, from pak blood]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

poke•weed

(ˈpoʊkˌwid)

n.
a North American treelike plant, Phytolacca americana, of the pokeweed family, with edible shoots and juicy deep-purple berries in depressed round clusters.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pokeweed - perennial of the genus Phytolaccapokeweed - perennial of the genus Phytolacca  
genus Phytolacca, Phytolacca - type genus of Phytolaccaceae: pokeweed
Phytolacca acinosa, Indian poke - pokeweed of southeastern Asia and China
garget, Phytolacca americana, pigeon berry, poke, scoke - tall coarse perennial American herb having small white flowers followed by blackish-red berries on long drooping racemes; young fleshy stems are edible; berries and root are poisonous
bella sombra, ombu, Phytolacca dioica - fast-growing herbaceous evergreen tree of South America having a broad trunk with high water content and dark green oval leaves
herb, herbaceous plant - a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal properties; some are pests
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

pokeweed

n (US) → Kermesbeere f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Mitich (1994) pokeweed antiviral protein is shown in laboratory studies to have antitumor properties.
The seven types of superior weeds were Phytolacca Americana (pokeweed), Lactuca indica (Indian lettuce), Aster subulatus, Erigeron canadensis (or Conyza canadensis or Canada fleabane), Broussonetia papyriferq (paper mulberry), Amaranthus hybridus (green amaranth, slim amaranth, smooth amaranth, smooth pigweed, or red amaranth), and Sambucus javanica (Chinese elder); and the nine types of inferior weeds were Polygonum perfoliatum (Asiatic tearthumb), Solanum fligrum, Miscanthus sinensis (Chinese silver grass), Eleusine indica (Indian goosegrass), Portulaca oleracea (little hogweed or parsley), Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass), Digitaria sanguinalis (hairy crabgrass), Alfernanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed), and Leptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop).
Recipes range from classics like Elderberry Syrup to boldly flavored concoctions like Bayberry Back Ribs and Pokeweed with Anchovy Butter.
The berries from the pokeweed plant are another source of natural dye.
This short, handy rifle is perfect for packing in the pokeweed, pucker-bush or primeval forest while pursuing things with teeth and/or claws, such as pigs and bears, with the versatility for longer shots.
The cells were stimulated with 5 [micro]g/ml CpG ODN 2006 (InvivoGen), 167ng/ml pokeweed mitogen (PWM) extract (Sigma), and 1/2400 fixed Staphylococcus aureus cells (SAC) (Calbiochem) for 96 hours and analyzed by flow cytometry.
Immunodeficiency workup revealed elevated immunoglobulin levels, protective vaccine titers, and normal lymphocyte counts and response to phytohaemagglutinin, concanavalin A, and pokeweed mitogen.
Soil productivity did not alter plant nutrients in pokeweed, sumac, ragweed, and many other tested species.
Compared to holotoxins, hemitoxins contain an enzymatic domain without a binding domain, which includes pokeweed antiviral protein, gelonin, and sapo rin.[sup][4] It has been proven that both holotoxins and hemitoxins are able to remove the base of A [sup]4324 in 28s rRNA so as to preclude the combination of elongation factor (EF)-1 and - 2 with the 60s ribosomal subunit.[sup][5],[6]
Also evaluated were several common weeds: creeping indigo, Indigofera spicata (Fabaceae); livid amaranth, Amaranthus blitum (Amaranthaceae); pokeweed, Phytolacca americana (Phytolaccaceae); American sicklepod, Senna obtusifolia (Fabaceae);wild poinsettia, Poinsettia heterophylla (Euphorbiaceae); white clover, Trifolium repens (Fabaceae); Old World diamond flower, Hedyotis corymbosa (Rubiaceae); Brazilian pusley, Richardia brasiliensis (Rubiaceae); and common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia (Asteraceae).
The heparinized whole blood samples that were collected before the animal was euthanized were incubated in Nil and TB Antigen tubes of the QuantiFERON TB Gold In-Tube system (QIAGEN, Venlo, Netherlands) and with pokeweed mitogen (Sigma-Aldrich Pty., Ltd., Johannesburg, South Africa) as a positive control.
The immunosuppressant activity of some drugs such as cyclosporine and azathioprine has been corroborated by the inhibition of proliferation of lymphocytes and production of cytokines (INF-[gamma], IL-2, RANTES, TGF-[beta], and TNF-[alpha]), when lymphocytes are stimulated by reagents such as PHA, Con A, or pokeweed mitogen [10].