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Related to poliomyelitis: poliomyelitis virus


A highly infectious viral disease that chiefly affects children and, in its acute forms, causes inflammation of motor neurons of the spinal cord and brainstem, leading to paralysis, muscular atrophy, and often deformity. Through vaccination, the disease is preventable. Also called infantile paralysis, polio.

[Greek polios, gray (since it affects the gray matter); see pel- in Indo-European roots + myelitis.]

po′li·o·my′e·lit′ic (-lĭt′ĭk) adj.


(Pathology) an acute infectious viral disease, esp affecting children. In its paralytic form (acute anterior poliomyelitis) the brain and spinal cord are involved, causing weakness, paralysis, and wasting of muscle. Often shortened to: polio Also called: infantile paralysis
[C19: New Latin, from Greek polios grey + muelos marrow]


(ˌpoʊ li oʊˌmaɪ əˈlaɪ tɪs)

an acute infectious disease of motor nerves of the spinal cord and brain stem, caused by a poliovirus and sometimes resulting in muscular atrophy and skeletal deformity: formerly epidemic in children and young adults, now controlled by vaccination.
[1875–80; < Greek polió(s) gray (referring to the gray matter of the spinal cord) + myelitis]


(also known as polio) A virus infection of groups of muscles, with severe symptoms. Vaccine is available against this.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.poliomyelitis - an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cordpoliomyelitis - an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
infectious disease - a disease transmitted only by a specific kind of contact
dětská obrna
detská obrna


[ˈpəʊlɪəʊmaɪəˈlaɪtɪs] Npoliomielitis f


n (form)Poliomyelitis f (spec), → Kinderlähmung f


[ˈpəʊlɪəʊˌmaɪəˈlaɪtɪs] npoliomielite f

poliomyelitis, polio

(fam) n poliomielitis f, polio f (fam)
References in periodicals archive ?
head office: Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo; Representative Director and President, Fabrice Baschiera (hereinafter Sanofi )) announced that they will launch "SquarekidsA subcutaneous injection syringe", a tetravalent combination vaccine (DPT-IPV) for the prevention of diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus and poliomyelitis (polio) on December 9, 2015.
The World Polio Day is annually observed on October 24 to commemorate the fight against poliomyelitis and pay tribute to Jonas Salk, American medical researcher and virologist who led the first team that developed a vaccine against poliomyelitis.
para]]MALABO, Equatorial Guinea, June 17, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Independent experts from several different organizations have declared the central African country to be free of the wild poliovirus, which causes poliomyelitis.
No cases of poliomyelitis have been registered in Kyrgyzstan since 1993, Director of the National Immunization Center Joldosh Kalilov told a press conference.
He said that the protective healthcare programmes aim at reducing morbidity, disabilities and mortality caused by seven vaccine preventable diseases namely Childhood Tuberculosis, Poliomyelitis, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Measles, Neonatal Tetanus and Hepatitis-B by vaccinating all children below one year of age, in addition, all pregnant women are vaccinated against tetanus.
For example, Huizhou City of Guangdong province takes the lead to contain poliomyelitis inactivated vaccines into its immunization program (Sanofi Pasteur acts as a supplier in this program) for a trial in 2014.
They include inactivated seasonal and pandemic influenza, mono- and combined meningococcal polysaccharide and conjugated vaccines, tetanus toxoid and acellular pertussis combination vaccines, as well as monovalent or combined rubella, oral poliomyelitis virus and yellow fever vaccines.
Issues of health security and spread of epidemics will dominate the session's agenda that will also see discussions on a number of other health issues including addressing the impact of climate change, air pollution, response to various health emergencies and progress in eradicating poliomyelitis.
These claims led to the screening of this medicinal plant for its antiviral activity against polio virus which is the causative agent of poliomyelitis (an acute viral infectious disease spread from person to person, primarily via the faecal-oral route).
Both parties also discussed potential ways to strengthen cooperation between the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and philanthropic organisations in the UAE, to tackle both poliomyelitis and poverty across the globe.
Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly infectious viral disease, which mainly affects young children.
The mass vaccination campaign is the first to cover Iraq since the country last week confirmed its first case in 14 years of poliomyelitis.