Chiwenga, other high-ranking military officers have also been asked to take off their uniforms (again, "retired" is the official designation) and appointed as ministers and political commissars
The interviews most " 'clogged' with ideological cliches" were those with political commissars
, who "understood the political nuances of making certain statements" (135).
Continued army dominance appears to be the result of more than just the numbers of available personnel, however, as all the commanders and four of the five political commissars
of the ostensibly joint theater commands are PLAA officers.
The so-called devolution revolution is nothing more than a trick to impose political commissars
in place of perfectly adequate local government.
PLA Navy deputy commanders and deputy political commissars
Among further consequences of the catastrophe Roberts cites the return of political commissars
with veto powers over military decisions and the use of so-called blocking detachments, whose task it was to shoot on the spot anyone turning tail.
Communist armies, and the PLA was no exception, were run through a dual authority system in which political commissars
were attached to all formations at all levels to ensure ideological purity and to keep an eye on the military commanders.
Later, the political commissars
also collected the passports of all dead volunteers and together they were used to create identities for Soviet agents.
The Soviet headquarters in Moscow, supplemented on the spot by political commissars
with no military knowledge, constantly second-guessed these commanders and inhibited their clumsy efforts to maneuver the half-formed mechanized units.
With political commissars
now to be appointed by political fiat or executive order to head all federal agencies, the assault on our democratic way of life is even clearer.
Their topics include factors and phases of army involvement in domestic politics, myths about political commissars
, and dual-use technologies.