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A city of western Missouri, a suburb of Kansas City. It was a starting point for the Santa Fe and Oregon Trails during the 1800s.


1. The state or quality of being independent.
2. Archaic Sufficient income for comfortable self-support; a competence.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


the state or quality of being independent. Also called: independency


(Placename) a city in W Missouri, near Kansas City: starting point for the Santa Fe, Oregon, and California Trails (1831–44). Pop: 112 079 (2003 est)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌɪn dɪˈpɛn dəns)

1. the quality or state of being independent.
2. Archaic. a sufficient income; competence.


(ˌɪn dɪˈpɛn dəns)

a city in W Missouri: starting point of the Santa Fe and Oregon trails. 110,303.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.




independent as a hog on ice Cockily self-assured; pigheadedly independent.

He don’t appear to care nothing for nobody—he’s “independent as a hog on ice.” (San Francisco Call, April, 1857)

It has been unconvincingly conjectured that this American expression, popular since the 1800s, derives from the Scottish ice game of curling in which hog refers to a pucklike stone that stops short of its goal, thus coming to rest and sitting sluggishly immovable on the ice.

But no other proffered explanation appears plausible either. The puzzling simile nevertheless continues on in popular usage.

They like to think of themselves as independents—independent as a hog on ice. (Time, August, 1948)

lone wolf A loner; one who, although leading an active social life, chooses not to divulge his personal philosophies; a person who pursues neither close friendship nor intimate relationships. Although most wolves live in small packs, some choose to live and hunt solitarily. The expression’s contemporary usage often carries an implication of aloofness to or disillusionment with the mainstream of society.

An individualist to be watched unless he should develop into too much of a lone wolf. (G. F. Newman, Sir, You Bastard, 1970)

march to the beat of a different drummer To follow the dictates of one’s own conscience instead of prevailing convention; to act in accord with one’s own feelings instead of following the crowd; also, to be odd or eccentric. This expression comes from these now famous words of Henry David Thoreau in Walden, or Life in the Woods (1854):

If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away.

If one man in a marching column is out of step, it may look as if he is marching to the beat of another drummer, or as if he is simply “out of it.” Such a one is considered either an independent or an eccentric.

maverick An intractable or refractory person; a person who adheres to unconventional or unpopular ideals that set him apart from society’s mainstream; a dissenter, a loner. This expression is credited to the early 19th-century Texas rancher Samuel Maverick, who consistently neglected to brand his cattle, and it still maintains its meaning of an unbranded cow, steer, or calf. Through allusion to these unmarked cattle, maverick evolved its now more common nonconformist sense by the late 1800s:

A very muzzy Maverick smote his sergeant on the nose. (Rudyard Kipling, Life’s Handicaps, 1892)

In the United States the expression has developed the additional meaning of a politician who resists affiliation with the established political parties, or whose views differ significantly from those of his fellow party members.

One Republican Senator, and by no means a conspicuous maverick, pointed out that the Senate might nave acted. (Chicago Daily News, 1948)

mugwump A politically independent person; a person who is indecisive or neutral on controversial issues. This expression is derived from the Algon-quian Indian word mogkiomp ‘great man, big chief,’ and was first used by Charles A. Dana of the New York Sun in reference to the Republicans who declined to support their party’s 1884 presidential candidate, James G. Baine. The term thus evolved its current figurative sense of a political maverick.

A few moments after Secretary Wallace made his pun, he hastened to add that he himself had been a mugwump. (Tuscaloosa News, March, 1946)

A jocular origin is ascribed to the word: a mugwump is one who sits on the fence, with his mug on one side and his wump on the other. In addition to its political sense, the British use mugwump to describe a self-important person who assumes airs and behaves in an aloof or pompous manner.

sail against the wind To think or act independently of popular or accepted convention, opinion, trends, etc.; to march to the beat of a different drummer. This expression refers to the difficulty of sailing into a wind in order to reach one’s destination. Although sail against the wind is sometimes applied figuratively to a person who is inflexible and stubborn, it more often refers to one who does not succumb to peer or social pressure, but rather pursues his own course irrespective of the opinions and customs of others.

Picturesque Expressions: A Thematic Dictionary, 1st Edition. © 1980 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.independence - freedom from control or influence of another or othersindependence - freedom from control or influence of another or others
freedom - the condition of being free; the power to act or speak or think without externally imposed restraints
autonomy, liberty - immunity from arbitrary exercise of authority: political independence
autarchy, autarky - economic independence as a national policy
separateness - political independence; "seeking complete political separateness for Taiwan"
2.independence - the successful ending of the American Revolution; "they maintained close relations with England even after independence"
triumph, victory - a successful ending of a struggle or contest; "a narrow victory"; "the general always gets credit for his army's victory"; "clinched a victory"; "convincing victory"; "the agreement was a triumph for common sense"
3.Independence - a city in western Missouri; the beginning of the Santa Fe Trail
Missouri, Show Me State, MO - a midwestern state in central United States; a border state during the American Civil War, Missouri was admitted to the Confederacy without actually seceding from the Union
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


2. self-sufficiency, self-reliance, self-sustenance He was afraid of losing his independence.
3. neutrality, detachment, objectivity, impartiality, fairness, disinterest, open-mindedness, even-handedness, disinterestedness, dispassion, nonpartisanship, lack of bias He stressed the importance of the judge's independence.
"It is easy in the world to live after the world's opinion; it is easy in solitude after our own; but the great man is he who, in the midst of the crowd, keeps with perfect sweetness the independence of solitude" [Ralph Waldo Emerson `Self-Reliance']
"He travels the fastest who travels alone" [Rudyard Kipling The Story of the Gadsbys]
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


1. The condition of being politically free:
2. The capacity to manage one's own affairs, make one's own judgments, and provide for oneself:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
függetlenségönállóságanyagi függetlenség
sự độc lập


A. Nindependencia f
war of independenceguerra f de independencia
Zaire gained or won independence in 1960Zaire obtuvo la independencia or se independizó en 1960
B. CPD Independence Day NDía m de la Independencia FOURTH OF JULY
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ˌɪndɪˈpɛndəns] n
[country] → indépendance f
to declare independence → déclarer son indépendance
to declare independence from → s'affranchir de
[person] → indépendance f
to lose one's independence → perdre son indépendance
independence of mind → indépendance d'espritIndependence Day n (US)fête f de l'Indépendance américaine (le 4 juillet)
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


nUnabhängigkeit f(of von); (of person: in attitude, spirit also) → Selbstständigkeit f; to gain or achieve/declare independencedie Unabhängigkeit erlangen/erklären
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ˌɪndɪˈpɛndəns] nindipendenza
the country gained independence in 1964 → il paese ha conquistato l'indipendenza nel 1964
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(indiˈpendənt) adjective
1. not controlled by other people, countries etc. an independent country; That country is now independent of Britain.
2. not willing to accept help. an independent old lady.
3. having enough money to support oneself. She is completely independent and receives no money from her family; She is now independent of her parents.
4. not relying on, or affected by, something or someone else. an independent observer; to arrive at an independent conclusion.
indeˈpendence noun
indeˈpendently adverb
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


إِسْتِقْلال nezávislost uafhængighed Unabhängigkeit ανεξαρτησία independencia itsenäisyys indépendance neovisnost indipendenza 独立 독립 onafhankelijkheid uavhengighet niezależność independência независимость självständighet อิสรภาพ bağımsızlık sự độc lập 独立
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in periodicals archive ?
In separate messages marking Trinidad and Tobago's 57th anniversary of political independence from Britain, CARICOM and Washington said they were looking to continue working with the oil-rich twin island republic in ensuring the further development of the region.
This political party also reminds that Serbia (then FR Yugoslavia), by signing the Dayton Peace Agreement, as one of the warring parties, together with Croatia, has pledged to "fully respect each other's sovereignty and equality, resolve disputes peacefully, and refrain from any action by threat or use of force or otherwise, against the territorial integrity or political independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina or any other state for that matter."
In his words, following the Baltic Way, the then Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev "started realizing very clearly that the three Baltic nations were moving towards political independence".
(ii) Termination of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for and acknowledgment of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every State in the area and their right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries free from threats or acts of force.
The Philippines has achieved much since declaring independence from Spain and gaining political independence from the United States in 1946.
He called on the Islamic Republic of Iran to improve its relations with the Arab countries by translating its statements into practical steps and affirm its keenness to avoid violence or threats against the territorial integrity or political independence of any other country.
Hence, we succeeded in getting political independence but we still have to get economical independence,' Mr.
"Our members take their political independence very seriously and regard it as a key reason gardai command such a high level of public support.
Azare was quoted during the flagging off of the training in Calabar that 'this becomes necessary as all indices of economic growth and political independence rest squarely on the quality of education being provided to the citizens of the nation,'
must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike.'
class="MsoNormalLand was at the centre of the fight for political independence. Kenyans had been robbed of their land by the white colonialists and turned into squatters and paupers in their own country.