(PAN), first described by Kussmaul and Maier  in 1866, is a systemic vasculitis affecting the small- and medium-sized arteries.
Sarcoidosis, systemic lupus erythematosus1 and polyarteritis nodosa
are other ailments related with BFNP, but with absent respiratory, visual, joint and skin symptoms, a low ESR and a negative auto-immune response screening, they were considered less likely.
EULAR/PRINTO/PRES criteria for Henoch-Schonlein purpura, childhood polyarteritis nodosa
, childhood Wegener granulomatosis and childhood Takayasu arteritis: Ankara 2008.
Eight years ago, Onderdonk's son was diagnosed with polyarteritis nodosa
, a severe autoimmune disease that affected him for a long time.
Onset of polyarteritis nodosa
during allergic hyposensitization treatment.
Less frequent causes of exclusion included arterial aneurysms (n = 2), fibromuscular dysplasia (n = 1), atherosclerotic plaque at renal arterial ostium (n = 1), multiple renal artery aneurysms suggesting polyarteritis nodosa
(n = 1), arterio-venous malformation (n = 1), and duplicated inferior vena cava (n = 1).
The same can be said of polyarteritis nodosa
and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, which are also discussed in this article.
In previous studies, several types of vasculitis, especially IgA vasculitis (previously called Henoch-Schonlein purpura) and polyarteritis nodosa
, were found to occur more commonly in patients with FMF (1-2).
Other causes of CMI include fibromuscular dysplasia, vasculitis (Takayasu's arteritis, giant cell arteritis, polyarteritis nodosa
, systemic lupus erythematosus, and thromboangiitis obliterans), malign tumors, and radiation.
(PAN) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis involving medium and small-sized muscular arteries with multisystem manifestations.
Patients with advanced ED, previous ocular surgery, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, stroke, hypertension, sickle cell disease, sarcoidosis, syphilis, rheumatoid arthritis, polyarteritis nodosa
, oral ulcers, anterior uveitis, retinal detachment, high myopia, previous steroids use or laser photocoagulation were excluded.
and Girasoli et al., can be found in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Cogan's syndrome, relapsing polychondritis, polyarteritis nodosa
, Sjogren's syndrome, myasthenia gravis, Behcet's disease, Takayasu's arteritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and other autoimmune conditions.