polymer


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

pol·y·mer

 (pŏl′ə-mər)
n.
Any of numerous natural and synthetic compounds of usually high molecular weight consisting of up to millions of repeated linked units, each a relatively light and simple molecule.

[Greek polumerēs, consisting of many parts : polu-, poly- + meros, part; see (s)mer- in Indo-European roots.]

polymer

(ˈpɒlɪmə) or

polymeride

n
(Elements & Compounds) a naturally occurring or synthetic compound, such as starch or Perspex, that has large molecules made up of many relatively simple repeated units. Compare copolymer, oligomer
polymerism n

pol•y•mer

(ˈpɒl ə mər)

n.
a compound of high molecular weight derived either by the addition of many smaller molecules, as polyethylene, or by the condensation of many smaller molecules with the elimination of water, alcohol, or the like, as nylon.
[1865–70; < Greek polymerḗs having many parts. See poly-, -mer]

pol·y·mer

(pŏl′ə-mər)
Any of various chemical compounds made of smaller, identical molecules (called monomers) linked together. Some polymers, like cellulose, occur naturally, while others, like nylon, are artificial. Polymers have extremely high molecular weights, make up many of the tissues of organisms, and are used to make such materials as plastics, concrete, glass, and rubber. ♦ The process by which molecules are linked together to form polymers is called polymerization (pə-lĭm′ər-ĭ-zā′shən).

polymer

A material containing very large molecules which are built up from a series of small basic units (monomers). There can be between hundreds and hundreds of thousands of basic units in a polymer.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.polymer - a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
chemical compound, compound - (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
ribonucleic acid, RNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell; "ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses"
synthetic resin - a resin having a polymeric structure; especially a resin in the raw state; used chiefly in plastics
copolymer - a polymer consisting of two or more different monomers
polyurethan, polyurethane - any of various polymers containing the urethane radical; a wide variety of synthetic forms are made and used as adhesives or plastics or paints or rubber
lignin - a complex polymer; the chief constituent of wood other than carbohydrates; binds to cellulose fibers to harden and strengthen cell walls of plants
polyamide, polymeric amide - a polymer containing repeated amide groups
silicone, silicone polymer - any of a large class of siloxanes that are unusually stable over a wide range of temperatures; used in lubricants and adhesives and coatings and synthetic rubber and electrical insulation
trimer - a polymer (or a molecule of a polymer) consisting of three identical monomers
Translations
polümeer
polymeeri
重合体高分子
polymeer
polimer

polymer

[ˈpɒlɪməʳ] Npolímero m

polymer

[ˈpɒlɪmər] npolymère m

polymer

nPolymer nt

polymer

[ˈpɒlɪməʳ] npolimero
References in periodicals archive ?
[ClickPress, Tue Dec 11 2018] Silyl Modified Polymer (MS Polymer) Market : Introduction MS polymers, also known as silyl modified polymers or silyl terminated polymers, are polymers with a silane group.
This conference aims to bring together presentations from all parts of the electronics industry's materials supply chain, from raw materials to finished products, and will offer delegates an opportunity to learn more about both traditional and new polymer materials, their markets, manufacturing processes and applications.
Blendex polymer modifier resins improve toughness and heat distortion in PVC and other polymers.
Industrial fiber-spinning machinery resembles a "big block of iron the size of a dining room table," says polymer scientist Darrell Reneker of the University of Akron in Ohio.
These offer the advantage of high polymer loadings, particularly at the surface, while simplifying the wet-end chemistry.
It's not that polymer maker Kraton Polymers (Houston, TX.), compounder AlphaGary (Leominster, MA), or even injection molder Slatebond (Wiltshire, UK) didn't want to cooperate.
The method addresses a major need of polymer producers and users for rapid and reliable methods of measuring the molecular mass distribution of polymers.
[USPRwire, Tue Dec 11 2018] Silyl Modified Polymer (MS Polymer) Market : Introduction MS polymers, also known as silyl modified polymers or silyl terminated polymers, are polymers with a silane group.
The Sherwin-Williams Company has been granted a patent for a process for producing a water-reducible polymer dispersion useful for aqueous coating compositions.
Mitsubishi International Polymer Trade Corp., NY (D)
Piedmont Polymer Equipment Progressive Equipment Corp.