Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to polymerase: RNA polymerase, Taq polymerase


 (pə-lĭm′ə-rās′, -rāz′, pŏl′ə-mə-)
Any of various enzymes, such as DNA polymerase, RNA polymerase, or reverse transcriptase, that catalyze the formation of polynucleotides of DNA or RNA using an existing strand of DNA or RNA as a template.


(Biochemistry) any enzyme that catalyses the synthesis of a polymer, esp the synthesis of DNA or RNA


(ˈpɒl ə məˌreɪs, -ˌreɪz)

any of several enzymes that catalyze the formation of a long-chain molecule by linking smaller molecular units.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.polymerase - an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of new DNA and RNA from an existing strand of DNA or RNA
enzyme - any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
DNA polymerase - the enzyme responsible for DNA replication
RNA polymerase, transcriptase - the enzyme that copies DNA into RNA
reverse transcriptase - a polymerase that catalyzes the formation of DNA using RNA as a template; found especially in retroviruses
References in periodicals archive ?
Considering all the aspects of producing and selecting aptamers specific to targets, a DNA polymerase can be regarded as the most important factor that determines the success of creation of a library of variable ssDNA aptamers.
0 s/cycle (hence the name extreme PCR), and then increased the rates of primer annealing and polymerase extension by increasing primer and polymerase concentrations to match the cycling speed.
Keywords: Influenza A virus PB1-F2 polymerase activity minigenome system.
In addition to DNA ligase, the reaction mix needs also to contain DNA polymerase and only the "missing" dNTPs.
We know that polymerases and clamp loaders can't bind the sliding clamp at the same time, so the hypothesis was that clamp loaders latched sliding clamps onto DNA, then left for some time during DNA replication, returning only to unlatch the clamps after the polymerase left so they could be recycled for further use," he added.
ABBREVIATIONS: bDNA = Branched DNA; DNA = Deoxyribonucleic Acid; dNTP = Deoxyribonucleotides; dATP = Deoxyadenosine Triphosphate; dCTP = Deoxycytidine Triphosphate; dGTP = Deoxyguanosine Triphosphate; dTTP = Deoxythymidine Triphosphate; FDA = Food and Drug Administration; FRET = Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer; MRSA = Methicillin Resistant Staph aureus; MTB = Mycobacterium tuberculosis; NASBA = Nucleic Acid Sequence Based Amplification; PCR = Polymerase Chain Reaction; PFGE = Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis; RT-PCR = Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction; Taq = Thermus aquaticus; TMA = Transcription-Mediated Amplification; VRE = Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus.
The polymerase chain reaction, or PCR, found its way into many areas in biology very soon after its invention by the American Kary Mullis in 1983, who received a Nobel Prize for his discoveries in 1993.
After a decade-long process devising a way first to initiate the process of transcription in a test tube and then to stall it by withholding one of the building blocks of RNA, they spent the next decade purifying and crystallizing the complex by exploiting a phenomenon called bilateral lipid diffusion, which allowed Kornberg and his team to create a viable, nonrestrictive crystal film to analyze the RNA polymerase at work.
Working out the structure of RNA polymerase was "a marvelous achievement," says James T.
Only 1 TOSV-positive pool was observed with primers specific to TOSV polymerase and N genes, respectively.
Tokyo, Japan, June 5, 2006 - (JCN) - Takara Bio announced on June 1 that it will begin marketing two new enzymes, PrimeSTAR Max DNA Polymerase and PrimeScript, on June 18.

Full browser ?