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Noun1.polyptoton - repetition of a word in a different case or inflection in the same sentence; "My own heart's heart"
repetition - the repeated use of the same word or word pattern as a rhetorical device
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The use of polyptoton in "empty" and "emptied" serves to authenticate its typical attributes of emptiness and sterility.
A sapient polyptoton places a different form of dolere in almost every stanza (dolga, dolente, dolore, doloroso, duol, dolorosa, doglia).
By a twist of fate, The Ruin (1) has come down to us in such a damaged state that I would take the liberty of describing this poem by the polyptoton 'ruined'.
In the third line, the polyptoton of works and worked is augmented by alliteration on once.
This short speech contains such diverse figures of speech as prosopopeia, chiasmus, anadiplosis and polyptoton, which an early modern schoolboy would like to show off.
All of the figures mentioned so far demonstrate Carlin's magnificent sensitivity to prose written and spoken; the same is true of the devices of repetition: antanaclasis, ploce, polysyndeton, antimetabole, polyptoton, pseudo-zeugma.
But the intrusion of rhetoric here at the end of the poem is remarkable and Wordsworth's specific use of paronomasia and polyptoton suggests another reading.
For instance, line 2, 'formed in a long crest, whitening along its length" uses the rhetorical figure polyptoton to suggest the breaking wave's extension 'up the miles of shore', and the final two lines balance the "last lap of salt water' against the "first thought of withdrawal' (emphasis added).