Tyrosine-hydroxylase-IR (dopamine-containing) sensory neurons appeared first in the AO and the foot of the trochophore larvae of the pond snail
Lymnaea stagnalis and later in the tentacle and the lips during the veliger stage (Voronezhskaya etal, 1999).
Kablaskova, "Larval trematodes (Digenea) of the great pond snail
, lymnaea stagnalis (L.), (Gastropoda, pulmonata) in Central Europe: A survey of species and key to their identification," Parasite, vol.
According to the study from the University of Waterloo, T-type channels in the pond snail
, Lymnaea stagnalis, can shift from using calcium ions to using sodium ions to generate the electrical signal because of an outer shield of amino acids called a turret situated above the channel's entrance.
The objectives of the study were to observe the direct and indirect effects of two snail species, banded pond snail
, Bellamya bengalensis (Lamarck), and Red-rimmed melania, Melanoides tuberculata (Muller), and tadpole of Asian common toad, Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Schneider), on the larvae of Chironomus striatipennis Kieffer in terms of tube number, tube length, and the life stages of the species.
Wedemeyer and Schild  and Kamardin et al.,  suggested that the osphradium plays a key role in the chemosensitivity of the pond snail
Lymnaea stagnalis and diffusion of larger molecule will be slower and they are highly improbable that they penetrate the connective tissue covering of osphradium.
We investigated effects that exposure to an environmentally relevant malathion concentration (0.001 [micro]g/L) and predation cues imparted on immune system function and reproductive output in individuals in the pond snail
species Lymnaea stagnalis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata).
For example, th heamocytes population studies in the pond snail
Lymnaea staginalis (Dikkeboom et al., 1984) and L.
To find out, Ken Lukowiak, professor in the Hotchkiss Brain Institute at the University of Calgary, turned to a unique model organism: the great pond snail
These spring systems are home to a variety of aquatic invertebrates, including the endemic Three Forks springsnail and a cosmopolitan pond snail
(Physa gyrina; say, 1821).
Hemocytes of the pond snail
Lymnaea stagnalis generate reactive forms of oxygen Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 49(3): 321-331.
And the last recorded evidence of the mud pond snail
was in 1979 before it was "lost to habitat destruction".
Common pond snail
crawling down the length of a three-inch Ramshorn