In half of the trials, 20 pecks were required to produce simultaneous discrimination involving a choice between a positive stimulus
(S+) and a negative stimulus (S-).
It is worth adding that some of the practices of Estyn, although often a positive stimulus
for change, can also unintentionally act as barriers to progress.
Repeatedly linking a very positive stimulus
to an unrelated one can create positive associations over time - perhaps the most famous example of this kind of conditioned response is Pavlov's dogs, who salivated at the sound of a bell after being exposed to multiple pairings of meat and the bell sound.
Meanwhile the Index started the week with the much anticipated correction but staged a recovery towards the latter half of the week as some positive stimulus
provided the support.
According to PwC, strong economic growth, high disposable income, increasing domestic and international tourism has a positive stimulus
on the Leisure and Entertainment industry which is set to double by 2021 to attract 45 million visitors.
In the Bahrain Economic Quarterly (BEQ) report for the April to June quarter, the semi-autonomous agency responsible for formulating Bahrain's future economic strategy said positive stimulus
measures in key global economies should support trade dynamics.
In fact, we are probably nearing the peak of the positive stimulus
from lower prices.
In this study, we also included for the first time a standard positive stimulus
along with an assessment of positive experience of the stimulus, and the results throughout were somewhat stronger for positive than for negative pictures, as were the responses to happy vs.
4 billion to stage, almost double the investment of Milan Expo 2015, we see it as an overall positive stimulus
to the economy.
The positive stimulus
comes from the demand side, as a mounting number of Poles are both provided with internet infrastructure and fully convinced to place online orders.
In both procedures previously described, the triangle had the discriminative function of a positive stimulus
(S+, the stimulus related to the reinforcer), and the circle had the discriminative function of a negative stimulus (S-, the stimulus not related to the reinforcer).
However, we also have to acknowledge that the extremely high likelihood of ongoing electricity loadshedding over the coming year would probably offset the positive stimulus