positivism


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to positivism: Legal positivism

pos·i·tiv·ism

 (pŏz′ĭ-tĭ-vĭz′əm)
n.
1. Philosophy
a. A doctrine contending that sense perceptions are the only admissible basis of human knowledge and precise thought.
b. The application of this doctrine in logic, epistemology, and ethics.
c. The system of Auguste Comte designed to supersede theology and metaphysics and depending on a hierarchy of the sciences, beginning with mathematics and culminating in sociology.
d. Any of several doctrines or viewpoints, often similar to Comte's, that stress attention to actual practice over consideration of what is ideal: "Positivism became the 'scientific' base for authoritarian politics, especially in Mexico and Brazil" (Raymond Carr).
2. The state or quality of being positive.

pos′i·tiv·ist, pos′i·tiv·is′tic adj.
pos′i·tiv·ist n.

positivism

(ˈpɒzɪtɪˌvɪzəm)
n
1. (Philosophy) a strong form of empiricism, esp as established in the philosophical system of Auguste Comte, that rejects metaphysics and theology as seeking knowledge beyond the scope of experience, and holds that experimental investigation and observation are the only sources of substantial knowledge. See also logical positivism
2. (Law) Also called: legal positivism the jurisprudential doctrine that the legitimacy of a law depends on its being enacted in proper form, rather than on its content. Compare natural law3
3. the quality of being definite, certain, etc
ˈpositivist n, adj
ˌpositivˈistic adj
ˌpositivˈistically adv

pos•i•tiv•ism

(ˈpɒz ɪ təˌvɪz əm)

n.
1. the state or quality of being positive.
2. a philosophical system concerned with positive facts and phenomena, and excluding speculation upon ultimate causes or origins.
[1850–55]
pos′i•tiv•ist, adj., n.
pos`i•tiv•is′tic, adj.

positivism

1. a philosophical system developed by Auguste Comte, concerned with positive facts and phenomena, the flrst verifled by the methods of the empirical sciences, the second explainable by scientific laws. Also called Comtism.
2. a contemporary philosophical movement stressing the task of philosophy as criticizing and analyzing science, and rejecting all transcendental metaphysics. Also called logical positivism. — positivist, n.positivistic, adj.
See also: Philosophy

positivism

A philosophical doctrine that we can only have knowledge of things we experience through the senses.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.positivism - the form of empiricism that bases all knowledge on perceptual experience (not on intuition or revelation)
empiricism, empiricist philosophy, sensationalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience
Comtism - Auguste Comte's positivistic philosophy that metaphysics and theology should be replaced by a hierarchy of sciences from mathematics at the base to sociology at the top
2.positivism - a quality or state characterized by certainty or acceptance or affirmation and dogmatic assertiveness
quality - an essential and distinguishing attribute of something or someone; "the quality of mercy is not strained"--Shakespeare
assertiveness, self-assertiveness - aggressive self-assurance; given to making bold assertions
Translations

positivism

[ˈpɒzɪtɪvɪzəm] Npositivismo m

positivism

[ˈpɒzɪtɪvɪzəm] npositivisme m

positivism

nPositivismus m

positivism

[ˈpɒzɪtɪvɪzm] npositivismo
References in classic literature ?
She was brought up a Methodist, and during her girlhood was fervently evangelical, in the manner of Dinah Morris in 'Adam Bede'; but moving to Coventry she fell under the influence of some rationalistic acquaintances who led her to adopt the scientific Positivism of the French philosopher Comte.
His topics include the sociological law of retrospection: the law of revolutionary retrospection as a consequence of economic materialism, Comtism and Marxism: positivism and the monistic comprehension of history, what economic materialism is, a few main principles in the development of art, and the social dialectic in Vico's philosophy.
A Beautiful Mind, the first collaborative effort by Filipino artists Joel Rodriguez Welbart and Jayson Cortez, delves into the realm of positivism.
This paper is divided into two broad sections; the first section is aimed at in depth analysis of the relationship between the theories of existentialism and positivism in the light of views held by major existentialists.
Despite the sad exit of Camila Cabello, 'Fifth Harmony' is journeying in 2017 with positivism.
In Figure 2, minimum subjectivity tends to be associated with methodological approaches such as positivism, realism, instrumentalism and conventionalism.
In part under the influence of the dominant Catholicism, Neo-spiritualists displayed remarkable agreement on the criticism towards legal positivism accused of not having raised substantive moral questions and of complicity in recent history of nazism.
Fictions of Fact and Value: The Erasure of Logical Positivism in American Literature, 1945-1975.
Some of paradigms in in the domain of management science and organization are Positivism, Interpretivism, Critical theory, Post-modernism and Chaos theory.
Tracing literary responses to logical positivisms precedence in mid-century US philosophical culture, LeMahieu demonstrates this positivism's determining but curiously disavowed role in the rhetoric of the era's university-centric fiction, from Flannery O'Connor's "Good Country People" (1955) to a swan song in Don DeLillo's End Zone (1972).
The book contains an element of positivism, which in itself is a testimony to the spirit.