postbase


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postbase

(ˌpəʊstˈbeɪs)
n
(Linguistics) linguistics a morpheme used as a suffix after a base word
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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DICTIONARY OF UTKUHIKSALINGMIUT INUKTITUT POSTBASE SUFFIXES.
These are followed by a short Introduction that presents the Utkuhiksalingmiut dialect, its linguistic structure, and the underlying method of the book, explaining that the Dictionary of Utkuhiksalingmiut Inuktitut Postbase Suffixes is the first volume of a two-part dictionary, the second of which will deal with Utkuhiksalingmiut roots.
It lists more than 600 postbase suffixes; that is, elements of the word that occur after its initial root, modifying or adding extra information to this base.
Each entry includes the following elements: the meaning(s) of the postbase suffix, together with its grammatical function (verb or noun) and that of the root (base) to which it is attached; the variant forms the postbase suffix takes depending on the vowel or consonant it follows; several examples (in syllabics and Roman) of words that include the postbase suffix, together with their English translations and breakdown into constituent parts; notes on the use of the postbase suffix; and references to other, related ones.
(42) awa-m (ng)aan uyaam a-qal(i)-ku-qing work-REL DAT.3SG today be-begin-IND-1SG I'm going to work today' amay(ux) txin skuula-m (ng)aan And 2SG school-REL DAT.3SG amay(ux) uyaam a-qal(i)-ku-xtxin And today be-begin-IND-2SG and you are going to school today' (K) Sequential clauses, however, are invariably chained, without a coordinating particle, as in example (43) (see also example (2)), and sometimes the sequential nature can be made explicit with the use of the cessative postbase -qada- or its independent form, aqadagu- 'after that' (with the appropriate person ending and the negative enclitic; examples (44-45)).
(4) chayu-x anuxta-gu- kuufya-x anuxta-0 (4)-txin min-ulux tea-ABS want-COND- coffee-ABS want-ZERO-2SG 2SG-NEG 'if you don't want tea, do you want coffee?' = 'do you want tea or coffee?' (S) The equivalent of adversative coordination can be expressed in Eastern Unangam Tunuu in chained subordinate structures with one of several postbases, as in -Vgali- 'in vain, to [verb] but, although [verb]' (from-Vga-'to [verb] in vain,' possibly related to the optative mood marker, cf.
Yepez said this was the stately house beside the White House, the official residence of Philippine presidents in postbases years.
There are alphabetized sections on word stems, postbases, word endings of verbs and nouns, and enclitics, which precede 31 appendices covering, inter alia, such topics as inflection, roots and stems, kinship terms, ice and snow terms, time, location, counting, and names.
The first volume contains the introduction--which includes discussions of sounds and spelling and phonology and orthography, and dialects--and a Yup'ik-English dictionary of base words; the second contains postbases, endings, enclitics, appendices, and an English-to-Yup'ik index.
Yup'ik is an agglutinative language, in which base words change and become more subtle through the addition of postbases (or modifying suffixes), generally one or two, though half a dozen is not unusual.