Testimonial Past Affirmative paradigm E-paradigm A-paradigm 1Sg tol-je-m ile-se-m 2Sg tol-je-c ile-se-c 3Sg tol-jo ile-s 1Pl tol--na ile-s-na 2Pl tol--a ile-s-ta 3Pl tol-je-c ile-se-c Just as we have tried to descry an identity behind the different forms of the connegatives in E- and A-bases with the help of vowel rotation, so are we trying now to show that the two different markers of testimonial past, -je(after -l- and -n-) and -se- (after other consonant- and vowel-finals) are reactions to the same challenge: in intervocalic (and postconsonantal
, other than -l and -n) affirmations the marker is realized as -s and in post-dental/lateral position as -j.
In 6.2-7 Rona-Tas examines the status of the reconstructed WOT segments by position in the word: initial, intervocalic, preconsonantal, postconsonantal
, and final.
(16) Blackfoot has no /d/ but a palatal glide, which does not occur in postconsonantal
position (with the exeption of the glottal stop).
In Livonian and Leivu, the Proto-Finnic * h is lost without any provable trace in stem-initial and stem-final positions." For Proto-Finnic consonant clusters on the border of the stem-initial and the following unstressed syllable in Livonian, the preconsonantal * h is lost, giving rise to stud in the initial syllable but the postconsonantal
* h is lost with no trace.
"The full or initial vowel signs further differ from those of Brahmi in that they are all constructed from the basic vowel sign for a to which are affixed the postconsonantal
vowel diacritics to form initial i, u, and so on: thus [LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] = initial a/a, while [LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] = initial i/i/." (15) This statement of Salomon's echoes similar statements by Buhler, (16) Charu Chandra Das Gupta, (17) and others.