Grishin of the Geological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (GIN RAS) presented a postcranial
bone of an arthrodire placoderm to the Borissiak Paleontological Institute of RAS (PIN RAS).
Assessing the reliability of criteria used to identify postcranial
bones in sheep, Ovis, and goats, Capra.
Cranofacial configuration and postcranial
development of a hydrocephalic child (ca 2500 B.
5 Ma), while advanced in cheek tooth crown height, also has skull and postcranial
features recalling North American Connohipparion (Bernor and White, 2009; Bernor et al.
2012; Holliday and Hilton 2010), others show that postcranial
morphology can be retained from ancestral groups for several millennia thus informing about processes related to population history (Holliday 1997; Holliday and Falsetti 1995).
Discovery of archaeocete specimens with well-preserved postcranial
material permits quantitative comparative analyses that allow inferences about locomotor capabilities to be made.
robusticity relative to patterns of mobility, climatic adaptation, and selection for tissue economy.
Comparatively little of the chapter is devoted to the postcranial
skeleton, but the discussion of osteological correlates of soft tissue structures (e.
In an attempt to capture the full extent of variation, Balkwill and Cumbaa (1992) included every postcranial
element and provide 192 quantifiable, osteological characters for comparing Bison, represented by 27 individuals of B.
2013, 2014), a skull and some postcranial
remains of Ugandapithecus (Musalizi et al, 2009), a diversity of small apes (Pickford et al, 2010), and an assorted array of amphicyonid remains, which form the basis for the present revision.
The feeding behaviors of many fishes involve integrated movements of cranial and postcranial
systems (Higham, 2007).
chapter 4) examined the postcranial
features of caviomorphs, especially cavioids.