posterior pituitary gland


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Related to posterior pituitary gland: anterior pituitary gland, gastrulation, hypothalamus, thyroid gland
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.posterior pituitary gland - the posterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature
ductless gland, endocrine gland, endocrine - any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
hypophysis, pituitary, pituitary body, pituitary gland - the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain
pars intermedia - a thin piece of tissue that has become part of the posterior pituitary
References in periodicals archive ?
Idiopathic central diabetes insipidus is associated with abnormal blood supply to the posterior pituitary gland caused by vascular impairment of the inferior hypophyseal artery system.
2) Touch preparations may be the least familiar to pathologists but have the advantage of excellent cytologic detail and usually readily allow distinction between pituitary adenoma and normal anterior or posterior pituitary gland, based on the abundant number of cells that exfoliate from pituitary adenomas with a disrupted acinar pattern and the usual absence of large numbers of shed cells from either normal anterior or posterior gland.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain demonstrated a flattened anterior pituitary gland within the sella, associated with absence of the infundibular stalk and an ectopic posterior pituitary gland (Fig.
The neuropeptides, which include antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin, travel down the long axons of the cells and are released from the posterior pituitary gland.
The posterior pituitary gland or neurohypophysis secretes antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin (Table 1).
Oxytocin is a nine amino-acid peptide that is synthesized by the hypothalamus and secreted by the posterior pituitary gland, in close proximity to neurons that synthesize and secrete vasopressin.
DI may occur due to disruption of the hypothalamo-pituitary stalk or trauma to the posterior pituitary gland temporarily impairing anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) secretion (6).
The posterior pituitary gland is also involved with the regulation of reproduction.
Persistent high MR signal of the posterior pituitary gland in central diabetes insipidus.
Organized into 12 chapters, this text presents in detail the endocrinology of pediatric diseases and conditions, including normal growth and growth disorders, the thyroid gland, obesity, hypoglycemia, diabetes, and disorders of the posterior pituitary gland and water metabolism.

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