elaborated rendering of the postlapsarian
vision of Genesis 3:17-19,
The idea of a "degraded cosmos" aligns with the Christian belief in a "fallen world," a postlapsarian
reality initiated by the original sin of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden.
It's not only that one can "fall" only from a comparative "innocence"--or that "innocence" is unknowable as such except from a postlapsarian
position--it's that Hemingway and his characters are at odds with themselves--not so much uncertain as just profoundly divided--about what constitutes "innocence," "freedom," "the rules," and "sin."
Further, I show that Rossetti's work makes use of at least two other sustained and elaborate metaphors in order to articulate this problem of an absence of order and its possible regulatory solution: a vision of the anarchic maternal dyad as against the postoedipal realm of paternal law, and, in parallel to that model, a religious account in which a postlapsarian
world and its always already fallen human subjects are contrasted to a state of redemption and union with God.
Of course, to think about a recoverable Eden in Milton's epic is to confront one of the most tenacious recent critical assumptions about Paradise Lost: that there is a fundamental and unbridgeable divide separating the prelapsarian from the postlapsarian
Yet there is no rendering of joy, for the postlapsarian
gap between nature and humanity, words and meaning, continues to cast a chill over the entire enterprise.
This redemption to counterbalance the postlapsarian
wasteland which the characters move through comes in the final pages of the text when New Man/New Woman emerge naked from the white house into which is set the blue door and proclaim:
This is decidedly postlapsarian
talk; factor in more frequent mentions of nuclear war and it becomes terrifying, just as we were terrified by the apocalyptic TV drama Threads in 1984.
But Mailer's postlapsarian
couple achieve something more in their sweaty coupling.
(5) And, as Lisa Cooper has noted, "artisans were increasingly acknowledged in such texts as essential contributors to and shapers of human existence in a postlapsarian
At the same time, by extension, Hildas bloodstain plays across metaphysical embodiments and physical immaterialities: it "copies" the original human stain that marks, invisibly, all of postlapsarian