For 2017, the neonatal and postneonatal
mortality rates (3.85 and 1.94, respectively) were also essentially unchanged from 2016.
The probabilities of death due to neonatal and postneonatal
causes were estimated using the same denominator as used to estimate the probability of dying in the first year of life, equivalent to the infant mortality rate.
Of the infant deaths, 56(49.1%) occurred during the early neonatal period, 22(19.3%) during the late neonatal period, and 36 (31.6%) during postneonatal
Breastfeeding and the risk of postneonatal
death in the United States.
Post-neonatal whooping cough and external causes were highlighted in the postneonatal
With respect to postneonatal
mortality, a positive association between postneonatal
respiratory mortality, and the effects of air pollution on the morbidity of respiratory disease in children has been reported (Ilabaca et al., 1999).
, childhood, and under-5 mortality for 187 countries, 1970-2010: A systematic analysis of progress towards millennium development goal 4.
Then we analyzed a pregnancy carrying a female fetus that we determined to be a carrier of the maternal mutation and, therefore, at a partial risk of postneonatal
onset (see Fig.
Infants with major congenital malformations, severe perinatal asphyxia (5 min Apgar < 4 and/or cord Ph < 7.0), and postneonatal
meningitis or other CNS infections were excluded.
According to a report from the Secretary of Health of Pernambuco, from the beginning of the appearance of these cases until October 2017, 2403 notifications were made, of which 438 were confirmed as CSZV and 28 (6.4%) deaths were documented in the postneonatal
Worldwide mortality in children younger than 5 years has dropped from 11.9 million deaths in 1990 to 7.7 million deaths in 2010, consisting of 4 million neonatal deaths, 2.3 million postneonatal
deaths, and 2.3 million childhood deaths (deaths in children aged 1-4 years).