At least one way of understanding intellectualism should be rejected, and its practicalist
counterpart should be accepted instead.
Debates in ethics between perspectives emphasizing justice and perspectives emphasizing care, or between principlism and practicalist
approaches, are moot if morality is itself eclipsed by the commodification imperative.
Unable to admit that such questions cannot yet be answered, the practicalist
may blindly collude in the pretence that they do not exist by ignoring them, especially when the psychological expectations and social rewards are high.
Such an approach is likely to involve grounding these two kinds of reason in some "essential" or "natural" gender difference (an "essentialist" position) or, on a more pragmatist or practicalist account, in the different domains of action and practice that women and men have traditionally been engaged in.
Carol McMillan's (1982) position on reason (more generally) involves an uneasy combination of these two essentialist and practicalist approaches.
A second practicalist, Nixon, advocated similar strategies and offered a reminder that fluent, creative writing is more the result of hard work and of borrowing than of inspiration |94~.
Ribot |108~ and Royce |116~ were leaders a century ago in attempts to debunk what they saw as mystical thinking about writing fluency -- an effort depicted by modern-day practicalists as perpetually unsuccessful |102~.
The earliest practicalists paid attention to internal events in unblocking.
Transcending" goals and "trust" in information may sound idealistic and can easily be dismissed as unrealistic generalities, but Lois Granick is a practicalist
and has been a fervent worker in the Industry Information Association as well as NFAIS.
All the practicalists
and functionalists are at loss, in benefit are those who have good behaviors.