praemunire


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prae·mu·ni·re

 (prē′myo͝o-nī′rē)
n.
1. The offense under English law of appealing to or obeying a foreign court or authority, thus challenging the supremacy of the Crown.
2. The writ charging this offense.
3. The penalty for this offense.

[Short for Middle English premunire facias, a writ of praemunire, from Medieval Latin praemūnīre faciās : praemūnīre, to warn (from Latin, to fortify : prae-, pre- + mūnīre, to defend; see munition) + Latin faciās, that you cause, second person sing. present subjunctive of facere, to do (words used in the writ).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

praemunire

(ˌpriːmjʊˈnaɪərɪ)
n
1. (Law) a writ charging with the offence of resorting to a foreign jurisdiction, esp to that of the Pope, in a matter determinable in a royal court
2. (Law) the statute of Richard II defining this offence
[C14: from the Medieval Latin phrase (in the text of the writ) praemūnīre faciās, literally: that you cause (someone) to be warned in advance, from Latin praemūnīre to fortify or protect in front, from prae in front + mūnīre to fortify; in Medieval Latin the verb was confused with Latin praemonēre to forewarn]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

prae•mu•ni•re

(ˌpri myuˈnaɪ ri)

n.
the offense of appealing to the authority of a foreign court, esp. that of the pope, and thus questioning the supremacy of the English crown.
[1375–1425; late Middle English, short for Medieval Latin praemūnīre faciās, for Latin praemonēre faciās that you cause (the person specified) to be forewarned, the operative words of the writ]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Wolsey was accused of praemunire, and all his lands and properties were to revert to the Crown.
Charged with praemunire, that is, an illegal appeal to the pope in Rome from England, the archbishop argued "the liberties of the Church are guaranteed by Magna Charta, and several kings who violated them, as Henry II.
4: 'Daemonum illusiones solent devotae personae bene regulatae, anti lecti ingressum ad dormiendum devotis orationibus provide se praemunire.'
or not even familiar with the effect of the law of praemunire on the papacy, Wolf Hall has its share of stumbling blocks." JANET MASLIN
Once the bishops had acknowledged their collective guilt under praemunire and requested royal pardon, the king demanded that they accept his supreme authority over the Church.
According to Hale, "[i]n cases that are criminal but not capital, as in trespass, mayhem, or praemunire, there are no accessaries, for all the accessaries before are in the same degree as principals...." (73) Under Hale's formulation, the actors who assist in crimes of violence (trespasses) or mayhem are indistinguishable from the primary actors.
(103) Only two weeks before More's appointment, Cardinal Wolsey had pleaded guilty before the Court of King's Bench to promoting the pope's jurisdiction in England illegally--a crime of praemunire (104)--when acting as a papal legate to the detriment of the royal prerogative.
Members demanded that Liverpool 'be fined for choosing such a man', and that Gerrard should be 'branded with infamy and incur a praemunire'.