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n. pl. prae·no·mens or prae·nom·i·na (-nŏm′ə-nə, -nō′mə-)
1. A first or given name.
2. The first name of a citizen of ancient Rome, as Gaius in Gaius Julius Caesar.

[Latin praenōmen : prae-, pre- + nōmen, name; see nō̆-men- in Indo-European roots.]

prae·nom′i·nal (-nŏm′ə-nəl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -nomina (-ˈnɒmɪnə) or -nomens
(Historical Terms) an ancient Roman's first or given name. See also agnomen, cognomen, nomen
[C18: from Latin, from prae- before + nōmen name]
praenominal adj
praeˈnominally adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(priˈnoʊ mən)

n., pl. -nom•i•na (-ˈnɒm ə nə, -ˈnoʊ mə-)
the first or personal name of a Roman citizen, as “Gaius” in “Gaius Julius Caesar.”
[1655–65; < Latin praenōmen=prae- prae- + nōmen name]
prae•nom′i•nal (-ˈnɒm ə nl) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.praenomen - the first name of a citizen of ancient Rome
first name, forename, given name - the name that precedes the surname
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stephen wrote: "Albus is a fraud as a praenomen. There is a nomen gentile Albius (the poet Albius Tibullus) and a cognomen Albinus (several), but that's all.
Most bear only praenomen and nomen with no indicator of legal status, but at least 22 (including four women) record their status as freedmen or freedwomen, while at least seven others use the abbreviation of filius or filia to indicate that they were a freeborn son or daughter.
2 m'rk' given here as the Roman praenomen Marcus is problematic, as Latin /c/ is usually rendered by Punic [q]; cf.
Wiseman, in arguing for the historical reality of Claudia Quinta, does so on the basis of her name: the name Quinta is a common archaic praenomen for Claudian women, like its masculine equivalent Quintus, and must have been converted to a cognomen by later authors, thus adding a note of authenticity to the story (1979, 95; also note 132).
His 2009 collection of poetry, The Darkest Day, published by Praenomen Press of Richmond, Va.