praetor


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to praetor: consul

prae·tor

also pre·tor  (prē′tər)
n.
An annually elected magistrate of the ancient Roman Republic, ranking below but having approximately the same functions as a consul.

[Middle English pretor, from Old French, from Latin praetor, perhaps from praeīre, to go before : prae-, pre- + īre, to go; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]

prae·to′ri·al (prē-tôr′ē-əl) adj.
prae′tor·ship′ n.

praetor

(ˈpriːtə; -tɔː) or

pretor

n
(Historical Terms) (in ancient Rome) any of several senior magistrates ranking just below the consuls
[C15: from Latin: one who leads the way, probably from praeīre, from prae- before + īre to go]
praeˈtorial, preˈtorial adj
ˈpraetorship, ˈpretorship n

prae•tor

or pre•tor

(ˈpri tər)

n.
an elected magistrate in ancient Rome ranking next below a consul, charged chiefly with the administration of civil justice.
[1375–1425; late Middle English pretor < Latin praetor, for *praeitor=*praei-, variant s. of praeīre to go before, lead (prae- prae- + īre to go) + -tor -tor]
prae•to′ri•al (-ˈtɔr i əl, -ˈtoʊr-) adj.
prae′tor•ship`, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.praetor - an annually elected magistrate of the ancient Roman Republic
judge, jurist, justice - a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice
Translations

praetor

nPrätor m
References in classic literature ?
The senate, in which they were represented, had the sole and exclusive right of peace and war; of sending and receiving ambassadors; of entering into treaties and alliances; of appointing a chief magistrate or praetor, as he was called, who commanded their armies, and who, with the advice and consent of ten of the senators, not only administered the government in the recess of the senate, but had a great share in its deliberations, when assembled.
Nevertheless, he accompanied his infamies with so much ability of mind and body that, having devoted himself to the military profession, he rose through its ranks to be Praetor of Syracuse.
According to Evelyn, "the wise Solomon prescribed ordinances for the very distances of trees; and the Roman praetors have decided how often you may go into your neighbor's land to gather the acorns which fall on it without trespass, and what share belongs to that neighbor.
She currently pursues a range of business, government, academic and charitable interests including: Director of Praetor Legal; member of the Council of ADS, a major UK trade association for UK companies in the aerospace, defence, security and space sectors; Visiting Research Fellow, Kings College London; member, the Lord Chancellors Advisory Committee on Justices of the Peace; and Chairman of Trustees of Cairn, a charity dedicated to ending domestic abuse.
The states relation to one another remains uncertain: there is no praetor to settle the disputes; the higher praetor is the universal spirit existing in and for itself, the world spirit" (Hegel 1996a, 325) (2).
36) Praetor ait: "quo minus illi viam publicam iterve publicum aperire reficere liceat, dum ne ea via idve iter deterius fiat, vim fieri veto".
9: urbs amoto auxilio eorum intrapaucos dies capta et direpta est: praedam militibus praetor concessit.
This led to the former Roman Praetor being forced to pay 45 million sesterces to the Sicilians in retribution for the artistic riches plundered from their public monuments and temples.
Hie cum magnificos praetor ederet ludos et uberrime largiretur, plebis nequiens tolerare tumultum, indignis multa donari saepe urgentis, ut et liberalem se et multitudinis ostenderet contemptorem, accitos a Vaticano quosdam egentes, opibus ditaverat magnis (27.
11, 7, 2, 5 Si in locum publicis usibus destinatus intulerit quis mortuum, praetor in eum judicium dat, si dolo fecerit: et erit extra ordinem plectandus, modica tamen coercitione.