He says little about the nature of the "objective moral properties" that he claims we will take people and (at least some of) the things they do to bear when we contemplate them from this perspective, but he does seem to be thinking primarily of properties that are second-personal in Darwall's sense; blameworthiness and praiseworthiness
are his first examples.
or blameworthiness of his or her motives/character) is quite important in judging the agent.
Smith said that people seek praise and praiseworthiness
and try to avoid blame and blameworthiness, not least in the marketplace.
comes loaded with weighty obligations and high expectations.
The distinctive praiseworthiness
of courage is that it enables a person to persevere in his or her aims, despite danger and adversity.
Jonathan Bennett, Nomy Arpaly, and others see in Huckleberry Finn's apparent praiseworthiness
for not turning Jim in (even though this goes against his own moral judgments in the matter) a model for an improved, nonintellectualist approach to moral appraisal.
But it seems problematic for a Buddhist consequentialist to prefer deterrence to blameworthiness (which is based on desert), but to retain praiseworthiness
(which is based on merit)--not that there are never reasons to ignore backward looking considerations or to embrace forward looking ones.
26, 27), making a benchmark for praiseworthiness
and blameworthiness, we naturally adopt benchmarks suitable to the action context and to the discourse situation.
In this case, so far is the love of praiseworthiness
from being derived altogether from that of praise: that the love of praise seems, at least in a great measure, to be derived from that of praiseworthiness
But Smith condemns such a phenomenon as vanity and the pursuit of praise; the agent should instead be pursuing praiseworthiness
in itself (Smith 1976, 113-134).
What is being suggested here is that while the use of tsumo to refer to proverbs as a genre is perfectly acceptable, shumo should be allowed to retain the "other meaning" where reference is to relative importance or praiseworthiness
of an idea, object or act.
So Fletcher need not deny that one meets a moral obligation even when this is not reflected in the praiseworthiness
of the actor's will.