Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to pre-emption: Pre-emption rights
1. (Law) law the purchase of or right to purchase property in advance of or in preference to others
2. (Law) international law the right of a government to intercept and seize for its own purposes goods or property of the subjects of another state while in transit, esp in time of war
[C16: from Medieval Latin praeemptiō, from praeemere to buy beforehand, from emere to buy]
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||pre-emption - the judicial principle asserting the supremacy of federal over state legislation on the same subject|
judicial doctrine, judicial principle, legal principle - (law) a principle underlying the formulation of jurisprudence
|2.||pre-emption - the right of a government to seize or appropriate something (as property)|
legal right - a right based in law
|3.||pre-emption - the right to purchase something in advance of others|
right - an abstract idea of that which is due to a person or governmental body by law or tradition or nature; "they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights"; "Certain rights can never be granted to the government but must be kept in the hands of the people"- Eleanor Roosevelt; "a right is not something that somebody gives you; it is something that nobody can take away"
preemptive right - the right granting to shareholders the first opportunity to buy a new issue of stock; provides protection against dilution of the shareholder's ownership interest
subscription right - the right of a shareholder in a company to subscribe to shares of a new issue of common stock before it is offered to the public
|4.||pre-emption - a prior appropriation of something; "the preemption of bandwidth by commercial interests"|
appropriation - a deliberate act of acquisition of something, often without the permission of the owner; "the necessary funds were obtained by the government's appropriation of the company's operating unit"; "a person's appropriation of property belonging to another is dishonest"