pre-position


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Related to pre-position: conjunction, prepositional phrase, proposition

prep·o·si·tion 1

 (prĕp′ə-zĭsh′ən)
n. Abbr. prep.
A word or phrase placed typically before a substantive and indicating the relation of that substantive to a verb, an adjective, or another substantive, as English at, by, with, from, and in regard to.

[Middle English preposicioun, from Old French preposicion, from Latin praepositiō, praepositiōn-, a putting before, preposition (translation of Greek prothesis), from praepositus, past participle of praepōnere, to put in front : prae-, pre- + pōnere, to put; see apo- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: It was John Dryden who first promulgated the doctrine that a preposition may not be used at the end of a sentence, probably on the basis of a specious analogy to Latin. Grammarians in the 1700s refined the doctrine, and the rule became a venerated maxim of schoolroom grammar. There has been some retreat from this position in recent years, however—what amounts to a recognition of the frequency with which prepositions end sentences in English. In fact, English syntax not only allows but sometimes even requires final placement of the preposition, as in We have much to be thankful for and That depends on what you believe in. Efforts to rewrite such sentences to place the preposition elsewhere can have stilted and even comical results, as is demonstrated in the saying (often attributed, probably falsely, to Winston Churchill) "This is the kind of pedantic nonsense up with which I will not put." · Even sticklers for the traditional rule can have no grounds for criticizing sentences such as I don't know where she will end up and It's the most curious book I've ever run across. In these examples, up and across are adverbs (or more properly, what linguists call particles), not prepositions. One sure sign that this is so is that these examples cannot be transformed into sentences with prepositional phrases. It is simply not grammatical English to say I don't know up where she will end and It's the most curious book across which I have ever run.

pre·po·si·tion 2

also pre-po·si·tion (prē′pə-zĭsh′ən)
tr.v. pre·po·si·tioned, pre·po·si·tion·ing, pre·po·si·tions also pre-po·si·tioned or pre-po·si·tion·ing or pre-po·si·tions
To position or place in position in advance: artillery that was prepositioned at strategic points in the desert.

pre-position

To place military units, equipment, or supplies at or near the point of planned use or at a designated location to reduce reaction time, and to ensure timely support of a specific force during initial phases of an operation.
References in periodicals archive ?
The government of Iraq is directing 20 internally-displaced person camp sites and is working with the UN and NGOs to pre-position resources to take care of IDPs," he said.
This may delay WFP's annual exercise to pre-position stocks in places that become impassable during the rainy season.
TALLINN, Ramadan 06, 1436, June 23, 2015, SPA -- The United States will pre-position tanks, artillery and other military equipment in eastern and central Europe, U.
We have decided to pre-position a small number of Tornados in the region so that they could, if required, use their excellent surveillance capability to gather better situational awareness to help with humanitarian effort," a spokeswoman said.
All locally incorporated banks that have retail deposits of over $1 billion will be required to pre-position their systems to meet the OBR requirements by the end of June 2013.
CERF is a tool created by the United Nations to pre-position funding for humanitarian action.
The company said that an initial quantity of its pharmaceutical and nutritional products is already in use in several locations in Haiti as a result of prior work with Direct Relief International to strategically pre-position essential health care products in preparation for potential natural disasters.
The ability to pre-position capacitors to optimal plasma ignition point prior to turn on.
As their name implies, these little words pre-position the nouns and verbs they modify.
Navy ships, chart ocean bottoms, conduct undersea surveillance, strategically pre-position combat cargo at sea around the world, and move military equipment and supplies used by deployed U.
Ammunition pre-position vessels return to Sunny Point for cargo maintenance cycles to inspect and test stocks and reconfigure loads as required.