peridot(redirected from precious olivine)
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A yellowish-green variety of olivine used as a gem.
[Middle English, from Anglo-Norman peridout, from Medieval Latin peridotus, from alteration of Latin paederōs, paederōt-, a kind of gemstone, from Greek paiderōs paiderōt- (literally, "boy-love"), a kind of plant (perhaps a species of hawthorn) offered to Aphrodite, a kind of gemstone used as a love charm : Greek pais, paid-, child, boy; see pau- in Indo-European roots + Greek erōs, erōt-, erotic love.]
per′i·dot′ic (-dŏt′ĭk, -dō′tĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Minerals) a pale green transparent variety of the olivine chrysolite, used as a gemstone
[C14: from Old French peritot, of unknown origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
per•i•dot(ˈpɛr ɪˌdoʊ, -ˌdɒt)
a green transparent variety of olivine, used as a gem.
[1300–50; Middle English peritot < Middle French (French péridot), of obscure orig.]
per`i•dot′ic (-ˈdɒt ɪk, -ˈdoʊ tɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||peridot - a pale green variety of chrysolite; used as a gemstone|
chrysolite - a brown or yellow-green olivine found in igneous and metamorphic rocks and used as a gemstone
transparent gem - a gemstone having the property of transmitting light without serious diffusion
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