peridot(redirected from precious olivine)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
A yellowish-green variety of olivine used as a gem.
[Middle English, from Anglo-Norman peridout, from Medieval Latin peridotus, from alteration of Latin paederōs, paederōt-, a kind of gemstone, from Greek paiderōs paiderōt- (literally, "boy-love"), a kind of plant (perhaps a species of hawthorn) offered to Aphrodite, a kind of gemstone used as a love charm : Greek pais, paid-, child, boy; see pau- in Indo-European roots + Greek erōs, erōt-, erotic love.]
per′i·dot′ic (-dŏt′ĭk, -dō′tĭk) adj.
(Minerals) a pale green transparent variety of the olivine chrysolite, used as a gemstone
[C14: from Old French peritot, of unknown origin]
per•i•dot(ˈpɛr ɪˌdoʊ, -ˌdɒt)
a green transparent variety of olivine, used as a gem.
[1300–50; Middle English peritot < Middle French (French péridot), of obscure orig.]
per`i•dot′ic (-ˈdɒt ɪk, -ˈdoʊ tɪk) adj.